1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia heterophylla Hauman

        This species is accepted, and is native to Tanzania, Zambia and Zaire..

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect subshrub c. 60 cm tall, with several erect shoots from a stout woody rootstock, usually appearing after burning.
    Stem
    Stems sticky, stout or slender, pubescent and with yellow to dark red glands.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 1-foliolate, less often 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.3–4.5 × 0.8–3.2 cm, elliptic, oblong-elliptic or almost round, rounded at both ends, shortly mucronulate at the apex, pubescent and covered with orange or red glands on both surfaces; venation at length reticulate beneath; petiole 3–20 mm long; petiolule not easily distinguishable; stipules deciduous, 6 × 2 mm, oblong, pubescent and glandular.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences numerous, axillary or apparently terminal at the apices of shoots where leaves have not yet developed; rhachis 2–3(7) cm long; peduncle 3–15(35) mm long; pedicels 2–3 mm long; bracts c. 3 × 1 mm, oblong, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and covered with red glands; tube 2.5–4 mm long; lobes 3–7 mm long, lanceolate, the lowest the longest, the upper pair joined only near the base.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, veins deep purple outside, 10–17 × 8–12 mm, rounded or broadly obovate, glabrous; wings chrome-yellow; keel pale yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods yellow-brown blotched darker brown, 15–20 × 6–7 mm, oblong-elliptic, with long glandular-based hairs, gland dots and a few short hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark purplish-brown, 4 × 3.5 × 2 mm, subglobose, with a small raised rim aril in the single seed examined.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect subshrub ± 60 cm. tall, with several erect shoots from a stout woody rootstock, usually appearing after burning.
    Stem
    Stems stout or slender, pubescent and with dark red glands.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly unifoliolate, less often 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic, oblong-elliptic or almost round, 1·8–3·5 cm. long, 1·5–2 cm. wide, rounded at both ends, shortly mucronulate at the apex, pubescent and covered with red glands on both surfaces; venation at length reticulate beneath; petiole 0·3–2 cm. long (very short in the single East African specimen seen); petiolule not easily distinguishable; stipules deciduous, oblong, 6 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, pubescent and glandular.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences numerous, axillary or apparently terminal at the apices of shoots where leaves have not yet developed; rhachis 2–3(–7) cm. long; peduncle 0·3–1·5(–3·5) cm. long; pedicels 2–3 mm. long; bracts oblong, ± 3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and covered with red glands; tube 2·5–4 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 3–7 mm. long, the lowest the longest, the upper pair joined only near the base.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, veins deep purple outside, rounded or broadly obovate, 1–1·7 cm. long, 0·8–1·2 cm. wide, glabrous; wings chrome-yellow; keel pale yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-elliptic, 1·5–2 cm. long, 6–7 mm. wide, yellow-brown blotched darker brown, with long glandular-based hairs, gland-dots and a few short hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark purplish-brown, sub-globose, longest dimension 4 mm., shorter dimension 3·5 mm., 2 mm. thick, with a small raised rim-aril in the single seed examined.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia, Diplorhynchus secondary woodland; 900 m.
    Distribution
    T4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Rhynchosia heterophylla Hauman appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 19, 2002 Greenway, P.J. [8088], Zambia K000072255
    Jun 19, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [1352], Zambia K000072253
    Jun 19, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [1352], Zambia K000072254
    Jun 19, 2002 White, F. [3264], Zambia K000072252
    De Witte, G.F. [6369], Congo K000263709 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 103 (1955)

    Accepted by

    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hauman in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 25: 103 (1955).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 185 (1954), sine descr. lat.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0