1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia hirta (Andrews) Meikle & Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, India Sri Lanka.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest., Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition zone: bushland and thicket., Guineo-Congolian forest., Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition zone; for
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Hin-garadiya
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Robust creeper or climber 2–8 m. long, the main stems attaining 8 mm. in diameter.
    Stem
    Stems covered with dense short ferruginous hairs, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, often pale beneath, the terminal one elliptic, circular, ovate or rhomboid, 4·8–18(–20) cm. long, 3·8–14(–17·5) cm. wide, the laterals obliquely ovate, 4–13 cm. long, 2·5–9 cm. wide, all acuminate, rounded to slightly subcordate at the base, sparsely pubescent to glabrescent above, pubescent to thickly grey, more rarely rusty, velvety beneath with the veins accentuated with ferruginous hairs; petiole 7–10(–14) cm. long; rhachis 2–4cm. long; petiolules 3–6mm. long; stipules elliptic-lanceolate, 1·2–1·4cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sometimes branched; rhachis 7–35 cm. long; peduncles 2–9 cm. long, ferruginous pubescent to velvety hairy; pedicels 0·7–1·8 cm. long; bracts broadly elliptic or rarely lanceolate, (1–) 1·2–1·8 cm. long, (0·6–) 1–1·6 cm. wide, acuminate, velvety ferruginous pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx adpressed greyish pubescent with some ferruginous hairs at the base or entirely rusty-hairy; tube 5–6 mm. long; lobes usually unequal, oblong-elliptic, the lowest 1·4–2·3 cm. long, the laterals 0·9–1·7 cm. long, the upper pair joined almost to the apex to form a prominently bifid lip.
    Corolla
    Corolla persistent, mostly shorter than the calyx, greenish-cream to orange or pink with red or purple veining and flush, later brick-red; standard almost circular save for claw, 1·8–2·2 cm. long, 1·25–1·8 cm. wide, slightly emarginate, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods twisted, narrowly oblong, 1·5–3 cm. long, 3·5–7 mm. wide, velvety pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds blue when fresh, later black, remaining attached to the pod, depressed-globular, longest dimension 5–6·5 mm., shorter dimensions 3·5–4·5 mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 109/1, p. 716.
    Habitat
    Forest edges, grassland with scattered trees, hillside bushland and cultivations; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 widespread in tropical Africa from N. Nigeria and Sudan to Central Africa and NE. South Africa
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Robust creeper or climber 2–8 m long, the main stems attaining 8 mm in diameter.
    Stem
    Stems covered with dense short ferruginous hairs, later glabrescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, often pale beneath, the terminal one 4.8–18(20) × 3.8–14(17.5) cm, elliptic, circular, ovate or rhombic, the laterals 4–13 × 2.5–9 cm, obliquely ovate, all acuminate, rounded to slightly subcordate at the base, sparsely pubescent to glabrescent above, pubescent to thickly grey-velvety, more rarely rusty-velvety beneath with the veins accentuated with ferruginous hairs; petiole 7–10(14) cm long; rhachis 2–4 cm long; petiolules 3–6 mm long; stipules 1.2–1.4 cm long, elliptic-lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sometimes branched; rhachis 7–35 cm long; peduncles 2–9 cm long, ferruginous pubescent to velvety hairy; pedicels 0.7–1.8 cm long; bracts (1)1.2–1.8 × (0.6)1–1.6 cm, broadly elliptic or rarely lanceolate, acuminate, velvety ferruginous pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx appressed greyish pubescent with some ferruginous hairs at the base or entirely rusty-hairy; tube 5–6 mm long; lobes usually unequal, oblong-elliptic, the lowest 1.4–2.3 cm long, the laterals 0.9–1.7 cm long, the upper pair joined almost to the apex to form a prominently bifid lip.
    Corolla
    Corolla persistent, mostly shorter than the calyx, greenish-cream to orange or pink with red or purple veining and flush, later brick-red; standard 1.8–2.2 × 1.25–1.8 cm, almost circular save for the claw, slightly emarginate, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods twisted, 1.5–3 cm × 3.5–7 mm, narrowly oblong, velvety pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds blue when fresh, later black, remaining attached to the pod, 5–6.5 × 3.5–4.5 mm, depressed-globular.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A robust twiner
    Corolla
    Pale yellow, purple streaked petals
    Leaves
    Soft tomentose leaves.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Jamaica

    Rhynchosia hirta (Andrews) Meikle & Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1966 Meller, C.J. [s.n.] K000263757 lectotype
    Apr 1, 1966 Meller, C.J. [s.n.] K000263758 isolectotype
    Jan 1, 1918 Wallich [5585], India Rhynchosia cyanosperma K000900381
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu Rhynchosia cyanosperma K000900375
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [5585], India Rhynchosia cyanosperma K000900376
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [766], India Rhynchosia cyanosperma K000900377
    Wight, R. [766], India Rhynchosia cyanosperma K000900380
    s.coll. [788] Rhynchosia cyanosperma K000900379
    s.coll. [769] Rhynchosia cyanosperma K000900378
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11273], Tanzania Rhynchosia albiflora 3227.000
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5585] Cylista tomentosa K001121358
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5585] Cylista tomentosa K001121359
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5585], India Cylista tomentosa K001121360
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5585] Cylista tomentosa K001121361

    First published in Taxon 16: 462 (1967)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meikle & Verde in Taxon 16: 462 (1967).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Maxwell, R. H. (1991). In: Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.) A revised handbook
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0