1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia malacophylla (Spreng.) Bojer

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and Zimbabwe, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial trailing or climbing herb 0.3–3 m long from a woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems woody at the base, ridged, glabrous or pubescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 0.6–4.6(6.5) × 0.6–5.5 cm, ovate, rhombic or rounded, the laterals oblique, rounded to mostly acuminate at the apex, cuneate, rounded or truncate at the base, glabrous to finely puberulous on both surfaces, the margins often densely silky, densely gland-dotted beneath; petiole 0.7–6.5 cm long; rhachis 2–12 mm long; petiolules 1–2.5 mm long; stipules 4–5 × 1 mm, lanceolate, puberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, lax or rather dense; rhachis 4–16 cm long; peduncle 1.5–7 cm long; pedicels 1.5–2.5 mm long; bracts subpersistent, 1.5–2 × 0.5 mm, lanceolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx puberulous and gland-dotted; tube 1.5–3 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long, triangular, the lowest the longest, the upper pair joined for ± three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard mostly clear yellow but sometimes with crimson veins, 8–14 × 5–9.5 mm, obovate or almost round, puberulous and glandular.
    Fruits
    Pods (12)15–20 × 4.5–5.5 mm, oblong-falcate, narrowed at the base, finely to densely puberulous and glandular.
    Seeds
    Seeds greyish with dark and light mottling, 4.5 × 3 × 2 mm, rounded-reniform, slightly keeled.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial trailing or climbing herb 0·3–3 m. long from a probably woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems woody at the base, ridged, glabrous or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, ovate, rhomboid or rounded, the laterals oblique, 0·6–4·6 (–6·5) cm. long, 0·6–5·5 cm. wide, rounded to mostly acuminate at the apex, cuneate, rounded or truncate at the base, glabrous to finely puberulous on both surfaces, the margins often densely silky, densely gland-dotted beneath; petiole 0·7–6·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·2–1·2 cm. long; petiolules 1–2·5 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 4–5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, puberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, lax or rather dense; rhachis 4–16 cm. long; peduncle 1·5–7 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–2·5 mm. long; bracts subpersistent, lanceolate, 1·5–2 mm. long, 0·5 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx puberulous and gland-dotted; tube 1·5–3 mm. long; lobes triangular, 2–5 mm. long, the lowest the longest, the upper pair joined for ± three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard mostly clear yellow in the Flora area but sometimes with crimson veins, obovate or almost round, 0·8–1·4 cm. long, 5–9·5 mm. wide, puberulous and glandular.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-falcate, (1–2–)1·5–2 cm. long, 4·5–5·5 mm. wide, narrowed at the base, finely to densely puberulous and glandular.
    Seeds
    Seeds rounded-reniform, greyish with dark and light mottling, slightly keeled, longest dimension 4·5 mm., shorter dimension 3 mm., 2 mm. thick.
    Figures
    Fig. 109/38, p. 716.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland, Acacia scrub, sometimes in plantations; 0–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T5 U1 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Réunion

    Rhynchosia malacophylla (Spreng.) Bojer appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [192], Ethiopia K000263694 syntype
    Tanzania K000263727 Unknown type material
    Schweinfurth [1916], Ethiopia K000263693 Unknown type material
    Bojer [s.n.], Tanzania K000263728
    Schimper, W. [2244], Ethiopia K000263691 Unknown type material
    Schimper, W. [2244], Ethiopia K000263692 Unknown type material

    First published in Hortus Maurit.: 104 (1837)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meikle in Kew Bulletin 6: 179, fig. 5 (1951).
    • Boj., Hort. Maurit.: 104 (1837).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0