1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia micrantha Harms

        This species is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial prostrate or trailing herb, 15–60 cm. long from a woody root-stock.
    Stem
    Stems slender, pubescent or glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, oblate-rhomboid to ovate, the laterals oblique, 0·8–2·5 cm. long, 0·9–3 cm. wide, rounded at the apex, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, glabrescent or pubescent above, pubescent on the nerves and gland-dotted beneath; petiole 1–3·5 cm. long; rhachis 3–8 mm. long; petiolules 1 mm. long; stipules small, narrowly triangular, 3 mm. long, 0·5 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, dense; rhachis 0·5–1·5 cm. long; peduncle 1–4 cm. long; pedicels 1·5 mm. long; bracts small, deciduous, lanceolate, 2 mm. long, 0·5 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 1 mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular to lanceolate, 2·5–4 mm. long, the upper pair joined for ± two-thirds of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard densely reddish-brown veined outside, yellow inside, oblong-obovate, 5·5 mm. long, 3–3·5 mm. wide, finely puberulous.
    Fruits
    Pods elliptic-oblong, 0·8–1·1 cm. long, 4 mm. wide, narrowed basally, covered with short hairs and also more laxly with much longer yellowish sticky glandular-based bristly hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds brownish with paler marks, rounded-reniform, longest dimension 2·6 mm., shorter dimension 1·8 mm., 1 mm. thick.
    Figures
    Fig. 109/33, p. 716.
    Habitat
    Grassland, bushland, abandoned cultivations; 0–900 m.
    Distribution
    K7 P T3 T4 T6 U2
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria reg
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial prostrate or trailing herb, 15–60 cm long from a woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems slender, pubescent or glabrescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 0.8–2.5 × 0.9–3 cm, oblate-rhombic to ovate, the laterals oblique, rounded at the apex, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, glabrescent or pubescent above, pubescent on the nerves and gland-dotted beneath; petiole 1–3.5 cm long; rhachis 3–8 mm long; petiolules 1 mm long; stipules small, 3 × 0.5 mm, narrowly triangular, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, dense; rhachis 0.5–1.5 cm long; peduncle 1–4 cm long; pedicels 1.5 mm long; bracts small, deciduous, 2 × 0.5 mm, lanceolate, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 1 mm long; lobes 2.5–4 mm long, narrowly triangular to lanceolate, the upper pair joined for ± two-thirds of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard densely reddish-brown veined outside, yellow inside, 5.5 × 3–3.5 mm, oblong-obovate, finely puberulous.
    Fruits
    Pods 8–11 × 4 mm, elliptic-oblong, narrowed basally, covered with short hairs and also more laxly with much longer yellowish sticky glandular-based bristly hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds brownish with paler marks, 2.6 × 1.8 × 1 mm, rounded-reniform.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Rhynchosia micrantha Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in G.W.J.Mildbraed (ed.), Wiss. Erg. Deut. Zentr.-Afr. Exped., Bot. 2: 267 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 168 (1954).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 472 (1929).
    • Harms in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 267 (1911).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0