1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia monophylla Schltr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial trailing herb 15–60 cm. long from a woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent with short spreading hairs and yellowish glandular hairs on the young parts.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 1–3, the leaves on the flowering branchlets unifoliolate even when main leaves are 3-foliolate; unifoliolate leaves with lamina round-elliptic or ovate, 0·5–9 cm. long, 0·3–6·5 cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, cordate or truncate at the base; petiole 0·3–2·5 cm. long; 3-foliolate leaves with terminal leaflet round or ovate, 2–6·7 cm. long, 1·8–5·5 cm. wide, acute, cordate, the lateral leaflets 1·5–7 cm. long, 0·9–3·7 cm. wide; petiole shorter than the rhachis, 0·2–1·2 cm. long; rhachis 0·5–2 cm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; all leaflets pubescent on both surfaces or on the nerves only beneath, gland-dotted beneath, venation prominent beneath, often reddish; stipules ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 0·4–1·1 cm. long, prominently veined, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the axils of unifoliolate leaves; pedicels 0·4–1·5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and with some yellowish glandular hairs; tube 2–3 mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular to linear, the lowest the longest, 7–9 mm. long, the laterals 3–5 mm. long, the upper pair joined for ± one-third of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard deep yellow with reddish flush outside and red veins inside, obovate, 1·3 cm. long, 8·5 mm. wide, glabrous; wings bright pink; keel whitish, tinged purple at the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong or squarish, 0·9–1·5 cm. long, 7–8·5 mm. wide, or if only 1-seeded then obliquely elliptic, 8 mm. long, 6·5 mm. wide, net-veined, pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish or reddish-brown speckled with black, or dark purple, oblong-reniform or squarish, ± keeled and irregularly compressed so that the faces are coarsely rugose, longest dimension 3–4·5 mm., shorter dimension 3–3·5 mm., 1·5–2 mm. thick, with a pale buff or yellowish cap-like arillar appendage (not included in the measurements).
    Figures
    Fig. 109/45, p. 716.
    Habitat
    Gravelly rocky ground; 1440 m.
    Distribution
    T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial trailing herb 8–60 cm (2 m) long, from a woody rootstock up to 20 × c. 1 cm.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent with short spreading hairs and yellowish glandular hairs on the young parts.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 1–3, 0.5–9 × 0.3–6.5 cm, the leaves on the flowering branchlets 1-foliolate even when main leaves are 3-foliolate; 1-foliolate leaves with lamina round-elliptic or ovate, acute or acuminate at the apex, cordate or truncate at the base; petiole 0.3–2.5 cm long; 3-foliolate leaves with terminal leaflet 2–7.3 × 1.8–5.8 cm, round or ovate, acute, cordate, the lateral leaflets 1–5.7 × 0.5–3.7 cm; petiole shorter than the rhachis, 2–12 mm long; rhachis 5–20 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; all leaflets pubescent on both surfaces or on the nerves only beneath, gland-dotted beneath, venation prominent beneath, often reddish; margins sometimes slightly undulate (see note); stipules 4–11 mm long, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, prominently veined, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in 2–3-flowered cymes in the axils of 1-foliolate leaves; pedicels 4–20 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and with some yellowish glandular hairs; tube 2–3 mm long; lobes 7–9 mm long, narrowly triangular to linear, the lowest the longest, the laterals 3–5 mm long, the upper pair joined for ± one-third their length.
    Corolla
    Standard deep yellow with reddish flush outside and red veins inside, 13 × 8.5 mm, obovate, glabrous; wings bright pink; keel whitish, tinged purple at the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods 9–15 × 7–8.5 mm, oblong or squarish, or if only 1-seeded then obliquely elliptic, 8 × 6.5 mm, net-veined, pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish or reddish-brown speckled with black, or dark purple, 3–4.5 × 3–3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, oblong-reniform or squarish, ± keeled and irregularly compressed so that the faces are coarsely rugose, with a pale buff or yellowish cap-like arillar appendage (not included in the measurements).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Rhynchosia monophylla Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Galpin, E.E. [489], South Africa K000263769 syntype
    Eyles [2094] K000263760 Unknown type material
    Eyles [2094] K000263761 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Bot. 35: 279 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 485 (1929).
    • Schlecht. in Journal of Botany 35: 279 (1897).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Burtt Davy, J. (1932). Manual of the Fl. Pls & ferns of the Transvaal, pt. II

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0