1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia nyikensis Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Afromontane forest, Zambezian forest
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial climber 1.5–4.5 m long.
    Stem
    Stems ± densely ferruginous pubescent, eventually becoming ± glabrous.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, somewhat paler beneath, 2.8–8 × 1.7–6.5 cm, ovate, the laterals slightly oblique, acuminate, rounded or slightly subcordate at the base, pubescent to glabrescent on both surfaces, densely but obscurely gland-dotted beneath; petiole 1.4–5 cm long; rhachis 5–18 mm long; petiolules 2–3 mm long; stipules 7 × 3 mm, narrowly ovate, veined, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary; rhachis 2.5–19 cm long, densely ferruginous hairy and glandular; peduncle 0.5–7 cm long; pedicels 6–8 mm long; bracts deciduous, 1–18 × 7–14 mm, ovate, hairy.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely covered with long yellow tubercular based hairs; tube 5–6 mm long; the lowest lobes the longest, 8–14 mm long, lanceolate, the laterals 6–11 mm long, the upper pair joined for two-thirds to three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow inside, reddish-brown outside, 12–18 × 9–13 mm, suborbicular, pubescent and glandular, the claw long; wings yellow, often reddish near the apex; keel white, often reddish below or near the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.8–3 × 0.8–1 cm, oblong, aristate, densely covered with long, yellow, glandular tubercular based hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds chestnut-brown with blackish streaks, 6–7 × 4–4.5 × 2.5 mm, oblong-reniform, compressed.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climber ± 3 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems ferruginous pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, somewhat paler beneath, ovate, the laterals slightly oblique, 2·8–8 cm. long, 1·7–5·8 cm. wide, acuminate, rounded or slightly subcordate at the base, pubescent on both surfaces, densely but obscurely gland-dotted beneath; petiole 1·4–5 cm. long; rhachis 0·5–1·8 cm. long; petiolules 2–3 mm. long; stipules narrowly ovate, 7 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, veined, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary; rhachis 2·5–19 cm. long, densely ferruginous hairy and glandular; peduncle 0·5–7 cm. long; pedicels 6–8 mm. long; bracts deciduous, ovate, 1–1·8 cm. long, 0·7–1·4 cm. wide, hairy.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely covered with long yellow tubercular-based hairs; tube 5–6 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, the lowest the longest, 0·8–1·4 cm. long, the laterals 0·6–1·1 cm. long, the upper pair joined for two-thirds to three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow inside, reddish-brown outside, suborbicular, 1·2–1·8 cm. long, 0·9–1·3 cm. wide, pubescent and glandular, the claw long; wings yellow, often reddish near the apex; keel white, often reddish below or near the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, 2·3 cm. long, 7–8 mm. wide (immature), aristate, densely covered with long, yellow, glandular tubercular-based hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds chestnut-brown streaked with blackish, oblong-reniform, compressed, longest dimension 6–6·5 mm., shorter dimension 4–4·5 mm., 2·5 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Forest edges, rain-forest and derived secondary bushland; 1570–2450 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Rhynchosia nyikensis Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 11, 2002 Pawek, Jean [8769], Malawi K000072165
    Jun 14, 2002 Robson, N.K.B. [411], Zambia K000072176
    Jun 14, 2002 Jackson, G. [868], Malawi K000072161
    Jun 14, 2002 Jackson, G. [868], Malawi K000072162
    Jun 14, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [9766], Zambia K000072177
    Jun 14, 2002 Brass, L.J. [17024], Malawi K000072180
    Jun 14, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [11855], Malawi K000072169
    Jun 14, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [11546], Malawi K000072181
    Jun 14, 2002 Wiehe, P.O. [639], Malawi K000072179
    Jun 14, 2002 Dowsett-Lemaire, F. [126], Zambia K000072178
    Jun 14, 2002 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000072159 syntype
    Jun 14, 2002 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000072160 syntype
    Jun 14, 2002 Salubeni, A.J. [1650], Malawi K000072182
    Jun 14, 2002 Pawek, Jean [4971], Zambia K000072163
    Jun 14, 2002 Pawek, Jean [8764], Malawi K000072164
    Jun 14, 2002 Pawek, Jean [10056], Malawi K000072166
    Jun 14, 2002 Pawek, Jean [11615], Malawi K000072167
    Jun 14, 2002 Pawek, Jean [12996], Malawi K000072168
    Jun 14, 2002 Pawek, Jean [10122], Malawi K000072170
    Jun 14, 2002 Phillips, Eleanor [1705], Malawi K000072171
    Jun 14, 2002 Phillips, Eleanor [2826], Malawi K000072172
    Jun 14, 2002 Phillips, Eleanor [3578], Malawi K000072173
    Jun 14, 2002 Phillips, Eleanor [3926], Malawi K000072175
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10381], Tanzania 766.000

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 263 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meikle in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 421 (1954).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 439 (1949).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 481 (1929).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 263 (1897).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0