1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia procurrens (Hiern) K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Tanzania and Angola.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Sudanian woodland, Sudanian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Robust to slender perennial climbing or trailing herb, 1–4 m long.
    Stem
    Stems sometimes woody and ridged, pubescent and glandular or glabrescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 1.2–14 × 1–13 cm, oblate, obovate, rhombic or ovate, the laterals oblique, all leaflets rounded, subacute or acute, rounded to slightly subcordate at the base, sparsely pubescent to practically glabrous on both surfaces and gland-dotted beneath; venation usually raised and rather reticulate beneath; petiole 1.3–9.5 cm long; rhachis 0.5–5.5 cm long; petiolules 1–4 mm long; stipules 4–9 × 0.5–2 mm, lanceolate, nervose, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary and terminal, sometimes branched, lax to very dense, sticky and pubescent, held erect, lengthening in the fruiting stage, 5–28 × 4–5(14 when branched) cm, above a peduncle 0.5–10 cm long; flowers mostly paired; pedicels 3–11 mm long; bracts subpersistent, 4–10 × 1.5–4.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx sometimes accrescent in the fruiting stage, pubescent and densely glandular, veined; tube 3–5 mm long; lobes elliptic-oblong, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, the lowest the longest, 8.5–17 × 2–6 mm, the laterals 5–15 × 1.5–4.5 mm, the upper pair joined only at the base or to about the middle.
    Corolla
    Standard orange, usually red flushed outside and veined with purple or red, 11–16 × 7–9.5 mm, elliptic or obovate, mostly pubescent at the apex; wings deep yellow; keel pale or greenish-white with purple or pink tip.
    Fruits
    Pods well exserted or enclosed within the persistent calyx, 10–17 × 4–6 mm, oblong, sometimes reticulated with green, glandular and pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, mottled, 3.5–5.5 × 3–4 × 2–3 mm, rounded oblong-reniform.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Robust to slender perennial climbing or trailing herb, probably ± 1–2·4 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems sometimes woody and ridged, pubescent and glandular or glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, oblate, obovate, rhomboid or ovate, the laterals oblique, 1·2–13·2 cm. long, 1–10·6 cm. wide, rounded, subacute or acute, rounded to slightly subcordate at the base, sparsely pubescent to practically glabrous on both surfaces and gland-dotted beneath; venation usually raised and rather reticulate beneath; petiole 1·3–9·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·5–5·5 cm. long; petiolules 1–4 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 4–9 mm. long, 0·5–2 mm. wide, nervose, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary and terminal, sometimes branched, lax to very dense, sticky and pubescent, held erect, lengthening in the fruiting stage, 5–28 cm. long above a peduncle 0·5–10 cm. long, 4–5(–14 when branched) cm. wide; flowers mostly paired; pedicels 3–11 mm. long; bracts subpersistent, ovate-lanceolate, 4–10 mm. long, 1·5–4·5 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx sometimes accrescent in the fruiting stage, pubescent and densely glandular, veined; tube 3–5 mm. long; lobes elliptic-oblong, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, the lowest longest, 0·85–1·7 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, the laterals 0·5–1·5 cm. long, 1·5–4·5 mm. wide, the upper pair joined only at the base or to about the middle.
    Corolla
    Standard orange, usually red flushed outside and veined with purple or red, elliptic or obovate, 1·1–1·6 cm. long, 7–9·5 mm. wide, mostly pubescent at the apex; wings deep yellow; keel pale or greenish-white with purple or pink tip.
    Fruits
    Pods well exserted or enclosed within the persistent calyx, oblong, 1–1·7 cm. long, 4–6 mm. wide, sometimes reticulated with green, glandular and pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, mottled, rounded oblong -reniform, longest dimension 3·5–5·5 mm., shorter dimension 3–4 mm., 2–3 mm. thick.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Chad, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Rhynchosia procurrens (Hiern) K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10811], Tanzania 770.000
    Welwitsch [4071], Angola K000263750 Unknown type material

    First published in Just's Bot. Jahresber. 27(1): 496 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 315 (1966).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 478 (1929).
    • K. Schum. in Just's Jahrb. 27(1): 496 (1901).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0