1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia pulchra (Vatke) Harms

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    More or less erect or straggling shrub 0·6–1·5 m. tall; rootstock with large cylindrical tubers up to 60 cm. long.
    Stem
    Stems rather stout, hirsute with whitish or ferruginous hairs, usually covered with stipules which persist even after the side branches and flowering shoots have dropped off.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, ovate or ovate-oblong in outline, 1·5–8·5 cm. long, 0·8–5 cm. wide, acute or shortly acuminate at the apex, rounded at the base, the terminal ones 3-lobed, the laterals lobed on their outer sides, margins crenate, hairy on both surfaces and densely covered with orange glands beneath; venation prominent beneath, the leaflet-surface sometimes bullate above; petiole 1·5–7·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·3–1·7 cm. long; petiolules 2 mm. long; stipules persistent and scarious, ovate to lanceolate, 0·8–1·2 cm. long, 2·5–4 mm. wide, veined, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers often developing just before the leaves expand; inflorescences axillary, sometimes aggregated at the apices of the shoots, occasionally branched at the base; rhachis 10–14 cm. long; peduncle 2–6 cm. long; pedicels 3–4 mm. long; bracts lanceolate, 4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx hairy and with golden or orange glands; tube 4–5 mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular, 3–4 mm. long, the upper pair shortest, joined for half their length.
    Corolla
    Standard cream or yellow with extensive purple-brown veining, broadly elliptic, 1·4–2 cm. long, 1·2–1·6 cm. wide, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods pale with purple reticulation, falcate, 2·8–3·5 cm. long, 7–8·5 mm. wide, acute at the apex, narrowed to the base, pubescent with whitish tangled hairs, also with orange-red glands and scattered yellow glandular hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, mottled grey and black, oblong-reniform, longest dimension 5·5–6 mm., shorter dimension 4 mm., 2·5 mm. thick.
    Figures
    Fig. 109/23, p. 716.
    Habitat
    Bushland, open woodland; 300–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K7 T3 T5 T6 T7 not known elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai woodland, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Rhynchosia pulchra (Vatke) Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillett, J.B. [13489], Kenya K000058953
    Bally, P.R.O. [9114], Kenya K000058978
    Bally, J. [63], Kenya K000058977
    Dummer, R.A. [4615], Kenya K000058976
    Scheffler [57], Kenya K000058975
    Hucks, M. [471], Kenya K000058949

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 446 (1913)

    Accepted by

    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 439 (1949).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 486 (1929).
    • Harms in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 49: 446 (1913).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0