1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia sublobata (Schumach.) Meikle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Trailing or twining herb with perennial woody rootstock
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, lined deep red.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial prostrate or climbing herb up to c. 2 m long from a long stout woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems glabrescent to densely pubescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 1.8–8 × 1.8–8.5 cm, rhombic, elliptic to ovate, rounded at both ends, often slightly lobed at the base, the laterals only on the outer side, glabrescent to pubescent, rarely velvety, the venation often reddish-brown beneath; petiole 1.2–6 cm long; rhachis 3–22 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 5–6 × 2 mm, lanceolate, hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences lax; rhachis 3.5–20 cm long; peduncle 2–14 cm long; pedicels 1.5–4 mm long; bracts deciduous, 2.5–5 × 0.5–2 mm, lanceolate, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers opening in the early evening.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and glandular; tube 3 mm long; lobes 2.5–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate to oblong-triangular, the upper pair joined for two-thirds of to almost their entire length.
    Corolla
    Standard deep yellow or cream-coloured with reddish-brown or purplish veining outside, 9–22 × 7–12 mm, obovate, pubescent; wings yellow; keel greenish-yellow, usually purplish at the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.1–3 × 0.8–1.3 cm, oblong-falcate, inflated very characteristically when ripe, narrowed to the base, very finely velvety puberulous at first then shortly pubescent or puberulous and glandular, but without long hairs or only very rarely with a few (to many in some Tanzanian specimens).
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, mottled black or entirely black, 4.3–5 × 3.5–3.8 × 2.5–3.2 mm, rounded-reniform, microscopically roughened.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial prostrate or climbing herb up to ± 2 m. long from a long stout woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems glabrescent to densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, rhomboid, elliptic or ovate, 1·8–8 cm. long, 1·8–8·5 cm. wide, rounded at both ends, often slightly lobed at the base, the laterals only on the outer side, glabrescent to pubescent, rarely velvety; petiole 1·2–6 cm. long; rhachis 0·3–2·2 cm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 5–6 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences lax; rhachis 3·5–20 cm. long; peduncle 2–14 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–4 mm. long; bracts deciduous, lanceolate, 2·5–5 mm. long, 0·5–2 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers opening in the early evening.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and glandular; tube 3 mm. long; lobes linear-lanceolate to oblong-triangular, 2·5–6 mm. long, the upper pair joined for two-thirds of to almost their entire length.
    Corolla
    Standard deep yellow or cream with reddish-brown or purplish veining outside, 0·9–2·2 cm. long, 0·7–1·2 cm. wide, pubescent; wings yellow; keel greenish-yellow, usually purplish at the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-falcate, inflated very characteristically when ripe, 2·1–3 cm. long, 0·8–1·3 cm. wide, narrowed to the base, shortly pubescent or puberulous and glandular, but without long hairs or only very rarely with a few to many (e.g. in Peter 41135).
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, mottled black or entirely black, rounded-reniform, longest dimension 4·3–5 mm., shorter dimension 3·5–3·8 mm., 2·5–3·2 mm. thick, microscopically roughened.
    Figures
    Figs. 109/34, p. 716, & 111.
    Habitat
    Grassland, grassland with scattered trees, bushland, woodland, abandoned cultivations; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 U1 Arabia (Yemen), W. Africa from Senegal to South West Africa, Central African Republic, E. Congo, Sudan, Somali Republic. Central Africa, South Africa (Transvaal) and Swaziland, probably also in Comoro Is. and Madagascar
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai woodland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional transition z
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Teloravina

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rhynchosia sublobata (Schumach.) Meikle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 29, 1999 [illegible] [s.n.], Mozambique K000263755 isotype
    Apr 1, 1963 Gossweiler, J. [352], Angola K001307121
    Apr 1, 1963 Gossweiler, J. [8308], Angola K001307120
    Mar 1, 1963 Gossweiler, J. [9229], Angola K001307103
    Mar 1, 1963 Gossweiler, J. [9208], Angola K001307104
    Meikle, R.D. [1033], Nigeria 11637.000
    Chevalier [24851] K000263712 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [6418], Tanzania K000468007
    Bojer [s.n.], Kenya K000263729 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 6: 176 (1951)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Kew Bull. 1951: 176, fig. 3.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 89 (1962).
    • Meikle in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 555 (1958).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 155, t. 12 (1954).
    • Meikle in Kew Bulletin 6: 176, figs. 3, 4 (1951).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0