1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia totta (Thunb.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Niger to Eritrea and S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Climber or twiner or ascending herb 0·2–1 m. long, with slender stems from a tuberous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems glabrescent to densely covered with long silvery or ferruginous adpressed or spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3 (or in some South African variants some unifoliolate leaves also present), narrowly elliptic-oblong to elliptic, round or oblong-lanceolate, 1–5·5 cm. long, 0·3–2·7 cm. wide, acute or subacute and mucronulate at the apex, rounded or slightly subcordate at the base, glabrescent to silky pilose or velvety, obscurely gland-dotted; venation usually very prominent and reticulate, particularly beneath, usually pale and yellowish, at least in dried specimens, particularly above; petiole 0·7–3 cm. long; rhachis 1–6 mm. long; petiolules 0·5–1·5 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 2·5–6 mm. long, 0·5–2 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary to few in very lax inflorescences; peduncle 1·3–3 cm. long; true pedicels 2–4 mm. long; bracts ovate or lanceolate, ± 1–5 mm. long, 0·5 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent to silky pilose; tube 2 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 2·5–8 mm. long, the lowest usually the longest, the upper pair joined for ± half their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, flushed reddish, obovate, 0·9–1·2(–1·4) cm. long, 6–8·5 mm. wide, glabrous (or in some Transvaal and Rhodesian variants pubescent); wings yellow; keel greenish-yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods falcate-oblanceolate, 1·5–3·7 cm. long, 5–8 mm. wide, narrowed below, apiculate, covered with rather long and shorter pubescence or silky pilose.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark red mottled black, reniform, longest dimension 3–4·5 mm., shorter dimensions 2–3·5 mm.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Climber or twiner or ascending herb 0.2–1 m long, with slender stems from a tuberous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems glabrescent to densely covered with long silvery or ferruginous appressed or spreading hairs.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3 (or in some South African variants some 1-foliolate leaves also present), 1–9.5 × 0.3–2.7 cm, narrowly elliptic-oblong to elliptic, round or oblong-lanceolate, acute or subacute and mucronulate at the apex, rounded or slightly subcordate at the base, glabrescent to silky pilose or velvety, obscurely gland-dotted; venation usually very prominent and reticulate, particularly beneath, usually pale and yellowish, at least in dried specimens, particularly above; petiole 0.7–3 cm long; rhachis 1–6 mm long; petiolules 0.5–1.5 mm long; stipules 2.5–6 × 0.5–2 mm, lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary to few in very lax inflorescences; peduncle 1.3–3.5 cm long; true pedicels 2–4 mm long; bracts c. 1–5 × 0.5 mm, ovate or lanceolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent to silky pilose; tube 2 mm long; lobes 2.5–8 mm long, lanceolate, the lowest usually the longest, the upper pair joined for ± half their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, flushed reddish, 7–12(14) × 6–8.5 mm, obovate, glabrous or rarely pubescent; wings yellow; keel greenish-yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods 15–37 × 5–8 mm, falcate-oblanceolate, narrowed below, apiculate, covered with rather long and shorter pubescence or silky pilose.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark red, mottled black to ± entirely black, 3–4.5 × 2–3.5 mm, reniform.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Niger, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Rhynchosia totta (Thunb.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 28, 2008 Crawford, F. [112], Namibia K000450411
    Feb 1, 2005 Lovett, J. [2266], Tanzania K000459957
    Jan 1, 1989 Lovett, J. [1019], Tanzania K000514794
    Oct 1, 1975 Thulin, M. [407], Ethiopia K000459966
    Jan 1, 1966 Drummond, R.B. [2857], Tanzania K000459958
    Gillett, J.B. [16312], Kenya K000459955
    Gillett, J.B. [14446], Ethiopia K000459967
    Scheepers, J.C. [1049], South Africa K000459970
    Strey, R.G. [9944], South Africa K000459975
    Leistner, O.A. [2077], South Africa K000459973
    Leistner, O.A. [3343], South Africa K000459974
    Thulin, M. [1623], Ethiopia K000459965
    Stirton, C.H. [355], South Africa K000459972
    Johnson, S.M. [697], South Africa K000459968
    Barbey, W. [1856], Eritrea K000459964
    Wilms., F. [369], South Africa K000419627
    Newbould, J.B. [7182], Kenya K000459956
    Pope, G. [423], Botswana K000459950
    Devenish, N.J. [1056], South Africa K000459971
    Hansen, O.J. [3098], Botswana K000459930
    Mitchison, N. [s.n.], Botswana K000459928
    Cook, F.E.M. [66], Botswana K000459929
    Skarpe, C. [141], Botswana K000459927
    Llyre, U. [1305], Mozambique K000459952
    Schiff, H.P. [3989], South Africa K000459969
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5499], Myanmar Rhynchosia pilosa K001121105
    s.coll. [5499], Myanmar Rhynchosia pilosa K000900394

    First published in Prodr. 2: 388 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 483 (1929).
    • Harv. in Fl. Cap. 2: 255 (1862).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 388 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0