1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia tricuspidata Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect or somewhat scrambling sticky shrub 0.6–1.8 m tall, smelling of balsam.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent and, when young, also with dense longer yellow tubercular based glandular hairs.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, paler beneath, 1.3–6 × 0.7–4.3 cm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, all acute or acuminate or terminal leaflets tricuspidate and laterals ± bicuspidate, all ± rounded at the base, pubescent and obscurely glandular on both surfaces; petiole 0.5–3.7 cm long; rhachis 2–17 mm long; petiolules 2–3.5 mm long; stipules 2–10 × 1–4 mm, lanceolate or ovate, veined, hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary and terminal; rhachis 2–5 cm long; peduncle 7–15 mm long; pedicels 2–3.5 mm long; bracts deciduous, 7–10 × 3.5–8 mm, elliptic.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and with yellow tubercular based hairs; tube 4–5 mm long and wide; lobes 0.7–1.4 cm long, lanceolate, the lowest the longest, the upper pair free.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, veined purple outside, (13)18–25 × 16 mm, obovate, slightly hairy near apex outside or glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods 17–20 × 7 mm, elliptic-oblong, apiculate, puberulous and with dense long yellow tubercular based hairs which are ultimately deciduous and leave a surface with a somewhat blistered appearance.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown with obscure pale markings, 4.5 × 3.5–5 × 2 mm, elliptic-reniform.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Shrub
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or somewhat scrambling shrub 0·6–1·8 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent, and when young also with dense longer yellow tubercular-based glandular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, paler beneath, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 1·3–5 cm. long, 0·7–3·5 cm. wide, all acute or acuminate or terminal leaflets tricuspidate and laterals ± bicuspidate, all ± rounded at the base, pubescent and obscurely glandular on both surfaces; petiole 0·5–3 cm. long; rhachis 0·2–1·4 cm. long; petiolules 2–3·5 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, 1–2·5 mm. wide, veined, hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary and terminal; rhachis ± 2–5 cm. long; peduncle 0·7–1·5 cm. long; pedicels 2–3·5 mm. long; bracts deciduous, elliptic, 1 cm. long, 3·5 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and with yellow tubercular-based hairs; tube 4–5 mm. long and wide; lobes lanceolate, 0·7–1·4 cm. long, the lowest the longest, the upper pair free.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, veined purple outside, obovate, (1·3–)1·8–2·5 cm. long, 1·6 cm. wide, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods elliptic-oblong, 1·7–2 cm. long, 7 mm. wide, apiculate, puberulous and with dense long yellow tubercular-based hairs, which are ultimately deciduous and leave a surface with a somewhat blistered appearance.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown with obscure pale markings, elliptic-reniform, longest dimension 4·5 mm., shorter dimension 3·5–5 mm., 2 mm. thick.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Rhynchosia tricuspidata Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Legum. Trop. Africa: 480 (1929)

    Accepted by

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 480 (1929).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0