1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia velutina Wight & Arn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to Mozambique, Comoros, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Inflorescences
    Inflorecences 2–4-flowered, axillary, sometimes fascicled; rhachis 1–3.5 cm long, somewhat zigzag; peduncle 6–25 mm long; pedicels 4–7 mm long; bracts minute, c. 1.5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 2.5–3.5 mm long; lobes 1.5–6 mm long, oblong or triangular, sometimes narrowed at the apex, the lowest the longest or all subequal, the upper pair joined for two-thirds of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard bright yellow (rarely pink, fide Peter 39315), 8–15 × 4–10 mm, obovate, finely pubescent.
    Fruits
    Pods 1.6–3.3 × 0.7–1 cm, oblong-falcate, subacute at the apex, narrowed and curved at the base, finely pubescent and sometimes sparsely to rather densely covered with long white hairs as well (single-seeded pods are 19 × 8 mm).
    Seeds
    Seeds mottled grey-black and buff or black and red-brown or entirely black, 5–6.3 × 3.5–4.5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-reniform.
    Habit
    Perennial climbing or prostrate herb c. 60 cm long, less often somewhat shrubby.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent or velvety.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, usually paler beneath, 0.8–3.5(6) × 0.7–4.5(6) cm, rounded or rhombic, rounded at both ends, softly pubescent on both surfaces, usually velvety and silvery-grey beneath; venation raised beneath; petiole 0.6–5.5 cm long; rhachis 0.2–1.3 cm long; petiolules 1.5 mm long; stipules 2.5 × 0.5 mm, lanceolate, pubescent.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone ; woodland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing or prostrate herb ± 60 cm. long, less often somewhat shrubby.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent or velvety.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, usually paler beneath, rounded or rhomboid, 0·8–3·5(–6) cm. long, 0·7–4·5(–6) cm. wide, rounded at both ends, softly pubescent on both surfaces, usually velvety and silvery-grey beneath; venation raised beneath; petiole 0·6–5·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·2–1·3 cm. long; petiolules 1·5 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 2·5 mm. long, 0·5 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 2–4-flowered, axillary, sometimes fascicled; rhachis 1–3·5 cm. long, somewhat zigzag; peduncle 0·6–2·5 cm. long; pedicels 4–7 mm. long; bracts minute, ±1·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 2·5–3·5 mm. long; lobes oblong or triangular, sometimes narrowed at the apex, 1·5–6 mm. long, the lowest the longest or all subequal, the upper pair joined for two-thirds of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard bright yellow (rarely pink, fide Peter 39315), obovate, 0·8–1·5 cm. long, 0·4–1 cm. wide, finely pubescent.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-falcate, 2·4–3·3 cm. long, 0·7–1 cm. wide, subacute at the apex, narrowed and curved at the base, finely pubescent and sometimes sparsely to rather densely covered with long white hairs as well (single-seeded pods are 1·9 cm. long, 8 mm. wide).
    Seeds
    Seeds mottled grey-black and buff or black and red-brown or entirely black, oblong-reniform, longest dimension 5–6·3 mm., shorter dimension 3·5–4·5 mm., 2·5–3 mm. thick.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Comoros, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania

    Rhynchosia velutina Wight & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [832], India K000900392
    Jan 1, 1918 Walker, T.L. [s.n.] K000900393

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient.: 238 (1834)

    Accepted by

    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak, in Hook, f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 224 (1876).
    • Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Pen. Ind. Or.: 238 (1834).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0