1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rothia Pers.
      1. Rothia hirsuta (Guill. & Perr.) Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual herb.
    Stem
    Stems prostrate, much branched, up to 3·5 dm. long, pilose.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, pilose; leaflets oblanceolate, rarely obovate, with the terminal one up to 2.5 cm. long, but often much smaller; lateral leaflets similar but smaller; petiole shorter than the lateral leaflets.
    Stipules
    Stipule solitary, leafy, linear or ± oblong, up to 7 mm. long but usually much smaller.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 2–5-flowered, shortly pedunculate or almost sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx with a membranous tube and herbaceous lobes, ± 5 mm. long, pilose.
    Corolla
    Petals white or dull yellow, often marked with red or lilac, almost glabrous; standard up to 4 mm. long; keel 3.5 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary pilose; ovules ± 18.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong in basal half, the apical half gradually narrowed to an acute apex, ± straight, ± 12 mm. long, slightly inflated, densely pilose, strongly deflexed; seeds ± 18, ± 1 mm. in diameter, on a funicle ± 1 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 117, p. 812.
    Habitat
    A weed of cultivated ground and disturbed places, often on dry sandy soil; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U3 widely spread from Senegal to Eritrea and S. to Mozambique and South West Africa
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Erect or decumbent, diffusely branched herb 6 in. high.
    Flowers
    Small pink or mauve flowers
    Ecology
    In sandy places.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual; stem shortly erect, developing longer slender procumbent to prostrate branches from the base; branches 10–40 cm long, pilose.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 10–25(30) × 4–10 mm, elliptic-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, obtuse to rounded to the apiculate tip, pilose on both surfaces; stipules single at the node, 2–8 mm long, shortly stalked, linear-lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 2–6, leaf-opposed in short racemes; bracts 1–2.5 mm long, filiform, usually slightly longer than the pedicel.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–6(7 in fruit) mm long, thinly pilose; upper lobes 3–4.5 mm long, triangular-lanceolate, slightly downcurved.
    Corolla
    Standard white or cream-coloured lined purple, a little shorter than the calyx and slightly longer than the other petals, shortly clawed, narrowly elliptic, with a few hairs along the midvein outside.
    Fruits
    Pods 10–12 × 2.5–3 mm, narrow, tapered to the persistent forwardly directed style, ± densely pilose, 10–20-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.2–1.5 mm long, cream-coloured to brown, sometimes mottled, slightly sculptured.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rothia hirsuta (Guill. & Perr.) Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Dinter [518], Namibia K000413259 isolectotype
    Schimper [2257], Ethiopia K000555474 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [6245], Tanzania K000468180
    Dinter [518], Namibia K000413260 isolectotype
    Drummond, R.B. [7888], Zimbabwe K000556897
    Saadou, M. [1798], Niger K000556942

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 7 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Boatwright, J.S., Tilney, P.M. & van Wyk, B.-E. (2008). A taxonomic revision of the genus Rothia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae) Australian Systematic Botany 21: 422-430.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 1: 21.
    • in F.T.A. 2: 7 (1871)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Boatwright, J.S., Tilney, P.M. & van Wyk, B.-E. (2008). A taxonomic revision of the genus Rothia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae) Australian Systematic Botany 21: 422-430.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 5 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 543 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 230 (1952).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 21 (1926).
    • Harms in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 544 (1915).
    • Hiern, Cat. Afr. PI. Welw. 1: 195 (1896).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 203 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 7 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/