1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sesbania Scop.
      1. Sesbania brevipeduncula J.B.Gillett

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by G.P. Lewis

    Habit
    A much-branched annual herb, 1–2.5 m tall. A much-branched annual herb, 1–2.5 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous, usually sparsely aculeate. Stems glabrous, usually sparsely aculeate.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3.5–20 cm long; rachis glabrous, occasionally aculeate; petioles 0.3–1.7 cm long; leaflets in 8–41 pairs, 4–16 × 1.75–4.5 mm, oblong, apiculate, slightly broader and asymmetrical at the base, glabrous; stipules 3–7 mm long, narrowly triangular to lanceolate, caducous to ± persistent. Leaves 3.5–20 cm long; rachis glabrous, occasionally aculeate; petioles 0.3–1.7 cm long; leaflets in 8–41 pairs, 4–16 × 1.75–4.5 mm, oblong, apiculate, slightly broader and asymmetrical at the base, glabrous; stipules 3–7 mm long, narrowly triangular to lanceolate, caducous to ± persistent.
    Ovary
    Ovary 15–26(32)-ovulate, glabrous; style glabrous.
    Distribution
    Also in Angola and South Africa (North-West, Limpopo and Gauteng Provinces).
    Ecology
    Swampy ground, damp grassland and sandy river banks; on black clays and granitic soils; 900–1450 m.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 0.3–3.5(9) cm long, (1)2–8(17)-flowered; peduncle 0.1–0.9(1.8) cm long, glabrous; pedicels 0.3–1.5 cm long, glabrous; bracts 2–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 1–2 mm long, linear, located slightly below the hypanthium, caducous. Racemes 0.3–3.5(9) cm long, (1)2–8(17)-flowered; peduncle 0.1–0.9(1.8) cm long, glabrous; pedicels 0.3–1.5 cm long, glabrous; bracts 2–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 1–2 mm long, linear, located slightly below the hypanthium, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4.5 × 3–4 mm, the tube glabrous with 5 vertical dark brown bands each running into a tooth; teeth 0.5–0.75 mm long and well-spaced often giving the calyx a ± truncate appearance, acuminate, woolly at the margins. Calyx 3–4.5 × 3–4 mm, the tube glabrous with 5 vertical dark brown bands each running into a tooth; teeth 0.5–0.75 mm long and well-spaced often giving the calyx a ± truncate appearance, acuminate, woolly at the margins.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow finely speckled brown or purplish, 1.1–1.4 × 1–1.3 cm, the blade wider than long, suborbicular, apically emarginate, basally rounded, truncate or slightly cordate, the appendages small, triangular, divergent and without free tips; wings 1.1–1.4 cm × 3–5.5 mm, with a 1 mm long upper basal, finely acuminate ± upward-pointing tooth and with open lamellate sculpturing in the upper basal section; keel 1–1.3 cm × 5–7 mm, the limb with an erect basal tooth 0.3–0.5 mm long and a secondary widely triangular tooth above it. Standard yellow finely speckled brown or purplish, 1.1–1.4 × 1–1.3 cm, the blade wider than long, suborbicular, apically emarginate, basally rounded, truncate or slightly cordate, the appendages small, triangular, divergent and without free tips; wings 1.1–1.4 cm × 3–5.5 mm, with a 1 mm long upper basal, finely acuminate ± upward-pointing tooth and with open lamellate sculpturing in the upper basal section; keel 1–1.3 cm × 5–7 mm, the limb with an erect basal tooth 0.3–0.5 mm long and a secondary widely triangular tooth above it.
    Pistil
    Ovary 15–26(32)-ovulate, glabrous; style glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pod (2.4)7.2–11.5 (rarely 13.5) cm × (2)2.5–3(5.5) mm, erect, moniliform, shortly stipitate and beaked, (2)8–18(rarely 26)-seeded; septa 5–6 mm apart; sutures 1.5 mm wide, purplish-green, distinctly darker than the valves which, particularly when immature, have a secondary sutural ridge. Pod (2.4)7.2–11.5 (rarely 13.5) cm × (2)2.5–3(5.5) mm, erect, moniliform, shortly stipitate and beaked, (2)8–18(rarely 26)-seeded; septa 5–6 mm apart; sutures 1.5 mm wide, purplish-green, distinctly darker than the valves which, particularly when immature, have a secondary sutural ridge.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown or blackish, 2–3.3 × 2 mm, 1.5–2 mm thick, ellipsoid or ± spherical with a subcentral hilum in a very small circular pit. Seeds brown or blackish, 2–3.3 × 2 mm, 1.5–2 mm thick, ellipsoid or ± spherical with a subcentral hilum in a very small circular pit.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Sesbania brevipeduncula J.B.Gillett appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 13, 1961 Drummond, R.B. [5184], Botswana K000393373 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 17: 143 (1963)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Lock, Leg. Afr. Check-list: 460 (1989) as “brevipedunculata”.
    • —Lewis in Kirkia 13: 44 (1988).
    • —Corby in Kirkia 9: 326 (1974).
    • in Kew Bull. 17: 143, fig. 7/1 (1963).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. (1963). Kew Bull. 17:91-159. Sesbania in Africa (excl. Madagascar

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0