1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sesbania Scop.
      1. Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Malesia to New Guinea.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A small tree or shrub
    Branches
    Rather stout branchlets pubescent when young
    Flowers
    Flowers very large, few, pink or red or cream-white.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Aagasti, Agathi, Agati, Agati A Grandes Fleurs, Agati-keerai, Akatti, Baby Boots, Baculo, Bak, Basna, Brede Malabar, Brede Morongue, Brede Morongue Gros, Christmas Bells, Cresta De Gallo, Gallito, Hatiya, Katura Murunga, Ofai, Ouai, Oufai, Picashia, Pois
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by G.P. Lewis

    Stem
    Stems tomentose, unarmed. Stems tomentose, unarmed.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 30 cm long; rachis slightly pubescent or glabrous; petioles 0.7–1.5 cm long; leaflets in 15–21 pairs, opposite to alternate on the same leaf, 1.2–4.4 cm long (including a petiolule of c.2 mm), 0.5–1.5 cm wide, oblong to oblong-elliptic, rounded to obtuse to slightly emarginate at the apex, slightly asymmetrical at the base, glabrous or with small scattered, appressed hairs on both surfaces (just visible with a ×10 lens); stipels 0.75–1 mm long, filiform, pubescent, persistent; stipules 8 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous. Leaves up to 30 cm long; rachis slightly pubescent or glabrous; petioles 0.7–1.5 cm long; leaflets in 15–21 pairs, opposite to alternate on the same leaf, 1.2–4.4 cm long (including a petiolule of c.2 mm), 0.5–1.5 cm wide, oblong to oblong-elliptic, rounded to obtuse to slightly emarginate at the apex, slightly asymmetrical at the base, glabrous or with small scattered, appressed hairs on both surfaces (just visible with a ×10 lens); stipels 0.75–1 mm long, filiform, pubescent, persistent; stipules 8 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme axillary, 2–6.5 cm long, 2–3-flowered; peduncle 1.5–3.5 cm long, tomentose; pedicels 1.5–1.8 cm long, pubescent; bracts 3–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 4–6 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous. Raceme axillary, 2–6.5 cm long, 2–3-flowered; peduncle 1.5–3.5 cm long, tomentose; pedicels 1.5–1.8 cm long, pubescent; bracts 3–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 4–6 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–2.2 × l.6–2 cm, ± two-lipped with a rather indeterminate margin due to the mode of splitting as the bud develops, abscising together with the nectarial region as the fruit develops but tending to persist around the stipe of the pod, the lips broadly rounded and terminating in slightly pubescent subulate tips. Calyx 1.5–2.2 × l.6–2 cm, ± two-lipped with a rather indeterminate margin due to the mode of splitting as the bud develops, abscising together with the nectarial region as the fruit develops but tending to persist around the stipe of the pod, the lips broadly rounded and terminating in slightly pubescent subulate tips.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, flesh-pink or crimson. Flowers white, flesh-pink or crimson.
    Corolla
    Standard up to 10.5 × 6 cm, the claw without appendages; wings up to 10.5 × 3 cm, without a basal tooth and petal sculpturing; keel up to 10.5 × 4.5 cm with a basal, broadly triangular tooth. Standard up to 10.5 × 6 cm, the claw without appendages; wings up to 10.5 × 3 cm, without a basal tooth and petal sculpturing; keel up to 10.5 × 4.5 cm with a basal, broadly triangular tooth.
    Anthers
    Anthers up to 6 times as long as wide. Anthers up to 6 times as long as wide.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous, stipitate; style glabrous, flattened, terminating in a slightly lobed stigma.
    Fruits
    Pod up to 52.5 cm × 8 mm, linear to slightly falcate, occasionally slightly torulose, stipitate, apex long-acuminate, glabrous, up to c.50-seeded; septa 7.5–10 mm apart; lower suture angled, wider than the rounded upper suture; valve surface rather warty with prominent raised venation. Pod up to 52.5 cm × 8 mm, linear to slightly falcate, occasionally slightly torulose, stipitate, apex long-acuminate, glabrous, up to c.50-seeded; septa 7.5–10 mm apart; lower suture angled, wider than the rounded upper suture; valve surface rather warty with prominent raised venation.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, 6.5 × 5 mm, 2.5–3 mm thick, subreniform, the hilum in a small pit. Seeds dark brown, 6.5 × 5 mm, 2.5–3 mm thick, subreniform, the hilum in a small pit.
    Distribution
    A native of parts of Asia but cultivated in many parts of the world both as an ornamental and for forage, firewood, pulp and paper, food and green manure.
    Ecology
    It appears to be a recent introduction to the Flora Zambesiaca area and is only known from the Chapman Malawi collection.
    Habit
    A fast-growing tree to 7 m tall. A fast-growing tree to 7 m tall.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, stipitate; style glabrous, flattened, terminating in a slightly lobed stigma.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Environmental, Fibre, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Jawa, Malaya, New Guinea, Philippines

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Malawi, Maldives, Marquesas, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen

    Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2009 Gregson, J. et al. [130], Malaysia K000610374
    Jun 1, 2000 leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000278177
    Springfield, E.O., Sudan 16392.000
    Geesink, R. [8900], Borneo 46294.000
    Clement, E. [s.n.], Australia K000278174
    Gaumer, G.F. [670], Mexico K001276809
    Helms, R. [42], Australia K000278173
    Schultz, F. [s.n.], Australia K000278175
    Michell, W.A. [s.n.], Australia K000278176
    Junghun [207], Jawa K000858942
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5654], Myanmar Agati grandiflora K001121585
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121583
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121575
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121577
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121578
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121579
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654], Bangladesh Agati grandiflora K001121580
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654], Bangladesh Agati grandiflora K001121581
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121582
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121584
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5654] Agati grandiflora K001121586

    First published in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 127 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 260.
    • Phill. & Hutch, in Bothalia 1: 46
    • in Lam. Encycl. Méth. Bot. 7: 127 (1806)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Lewis in Kirkia 13: 19 (1988).
    • —Gillett in F.T.E.A., Legum., Pap.: 331 (1971).
    • —Gillett in Kew Bull. 17: 105 (1963)
    • —Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed.2, 1: 532 (1958).
    • —Baker f., Legum. Trop. Africa: 260 (1929).
    • —Phillips & Hutchinson in Bothalia 1: 46 (1921).
    • in Lamarck, Encycl. Méth. Bot. 7: 127 (1806).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
    • Isely, D. (1990). Leguminosae, Vascular Flora S. E. U. S. A. 3(2) 1-258
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Liogier, A. H. (1988). Desc. Flora Puerto Rico & Adjacent Is-Spermatophyta Vol. II
    • Thuan, N. et al. (1987). In: Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam, Vol. 23. P.
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • DeGuzman, Umali & Sotalbo (1986). Guide to Philippine Flora & Fauna 3:199-230. Philippines.
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Proctor, G. R. (1984). Fl. Cayman Islands Kew Bull. Addit. Ser. XI
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Adams, C. D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Bailey, D. (1971). List of the flowering plants and ferns of Seychelles... ed. 3
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
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    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0