1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sesbania Scop.
      1. Sesbania leptocarpa DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A slender glabrous undershrub up to 8 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers small.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Zambezian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Sudanian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by G.P. Lewis

    Habit
    Annual herb 1–3 m tall. Annual herb 1–3 m tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2.8–24.5 cm long; petioles 0.3–1.1(1.8) cm long; leaflets in 8–44 pairs, 0.45–2.5(2.8) cm × 1.5–4.5(5.5) mm, oblong, apiculate, distinctly asymmetrical at the base, entire, glabrous except when very young; stipels slightly hooked, usually persistent; stipules 2–5(8) mm long, narrowly triangular to linear-lanceolate, caducous, sparsely hairy on the margins. Leaves 2.8–24.5 cm long; petioles 0.3–1.1(1.8) cm long; leaflets in 8–44 pairs, 0.45–2.5(2.8) cm × 1.5–4.5(5.5) mm, oblong, apiculate, distinctly asymmetrical at the base, entire, glabrous except when very young; stipels slightly hooked, usually persistent; stipules 2–5(8) mm long, narrowly triangular to linear-lanceolate, caducous, sparsely hairy on the margins.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme 13–14.3 cm long, 1–17-flowered; peduncle 2.1–4.3 cm long, sparsely pubescent near the base only, rarely totally glabrous, sometimes very slightly aculeate; pedicels 3–5(8) mm long, glabrous; bracts and bracteoles linear to linear-lanceolate, sparsely pubescent on the margins or glabrous, caducous, the bracts c.2.5 mm long, the bracteoles 1.5 mm long. Raceme 13–14.3 cm long, 1–17-flowered; peduncle 2.1–4.3 cm long, sparsely pubescent near the base only, rarely totally glabrous, sometimes very slightly aculeate; pedicels 3–5(8) mm long, glabrous; bracts and bracteoles linear to linear-lanceolate, sparsely pubescent on the margins or glabrous, caducous, the bracts c.2.5 mm long, the bracteoles 1.5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5–5 × 3–4.5 mm, the teeth 0.5–1 mm long, acute, somewhat woolly at the margins. Calyx 2.5–5 × 3–4.5 mm, the teeth 0.5–1 mm long, acute, somewhat woolly at the margins.
    Ovary
    Ovary 17–29(31)-ovulate, glabrous; style glabrous (or very rarely with a few hairs).
    Fruits
    Pod pale green to straw-coloured, usually with a well-marked dark blotch above the septal area, (5.4)8–17.2 cm × 2–3.5 mm, held ± erect, linear to slightly falcate, torulose, shortly beaked, glabrous, (7)12–29(31)-seeded; septa 5–7 mm apart. Pod pale green to straw-coloured, usually with a well-marked dark blotch above the septal area, (5.4)8–17.2 cm × 2–3.5 mm, held ± erect, linear to slightly falcate, torulose, shortly beaked, glabrous, (7)12–29(31)-seeded; septa 5–7 mm apart.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous, often slightly aculeate (occasionally the prickles very evident). Stems glabrous, often slightly aculeate (occasionally the prickles very evident).
    Corolla
    Standard yellow speckled with dark purple on the outer face, 7–12 × 6–9 mm, rounded, the blade usually wider than long, apically emarginate, sometimes distinctly cordate at the base, the appendages narrowly wedge-shaped without free tips and ± truncate at the apex; wings 6.5–11 × 2.5–3.5 mm, the upper basal tooth rather variable, short, blunt, and horizontal or acute and down-turned, occasionally almost lacking, the blades with lamellate sculpturing in the upper basal one-third to one-half on the outer face; keel 6.5–10 × 3–5 mm, the claw usually longer than the blade, the tooth narrow, acuminate and horizontal or wider, acute and ± downward pointing. Standard yellow speckled with dark purple on the outer face, 7–12 × 6–9 mm, rounded, the blade usually wider than long, apically emarginate, sometimes distinctly cordate at the base, the appendages narrowly wedge-shaped without free tips and ± truncate at the apex; wings 6.5–11 × 2.5–3.5 mm, the upper basal tooth rather variable, short, blunt, and horizontal or acute and down-turned, occasionally almost lacking, the blades with lamellate sculpturing in the upper basal one-third to one-half on the outer face; keel 6.5–10 × 3–5 mm, the claw usually longer than the blade, the tooth narrow, acuminate and horizontal or wider, acute and ± downward pointing.
    Pistil
    Ovary 17–29(31)-ovulate, glabrous; style glabrous (or very rarely with a few hairs).
    Seeds
    Seeds pale to dark brown, unmottled, 3.5–4 × 1.5–2 mm, 1–1.25 mm thick, ellipsoid; subcentral hilum in small circular pit. Seeds pale to dark brown, unmottled, 3.5–4 × 1.5–2 mm, 1–1.25 mm thick, ellipsoid; subcentral hilum in small circular pit.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sesbania leptocarpa DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Roger [s.n.], Senegal K000393414

    First published in Prodr. 2: 265 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 262.
    • Phill. & Hutch, in Bothalia 1: 50
    • Chev. Bot. 184
    • —F.T.A. 2: 135
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Lewis in Kirkia 13: 37 (1988).
    • —Gillett in Kew Bull. 17: 142, fig.4/7 (1963) in part excl. specimen Dubber 10
    • —Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed.2, 1: 532 (1958) for most part.
    • —Phillips & Hutchinson in Bothalia 1: 50 (1921).
    • —Baker in F.T.A. 2: 135 (1871).
    • Prodr. 2: 265 (1825).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Thulin, M. (1983). Opera Botanica 68:1-223. Leguminosae of Ethiopia

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0