1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sesbania Scop.
      1. Sesbania macrantha Welw. ex E.Phillips & Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub, 5–6 ft. high with stem and branches rough with small thorns
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow tinged pink.
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by G.P. Lewis

    Habit
    Softly woody herb, slender shrub or small tree, (1)2–6 m tall; glabrous throughout except for the calyx margin and inner surface of the calyx teeth, a few hairs on the stipules and often on the rachis and leaflet margins of juvenile leaves. Softly woody herb, slender shrub or small tree, (1)2–6 m tall; glabrous throughout except for the calyx margin and inner surface of the calyx teeth, a few hairs on the stipules and often on the rachis and leaflet margins of juvenile leaves.
    Stem
    Stems greyish-green often tinged purplish-black, aculeate or completely without prickles. Stems greyish-green often tinged purplish-black, aculeate or completely without prickles.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme (6.3)11–26.5(27.2) cm long (especially long in E Zimbabwe), (5)6–20(21)-flowered; peduncle (1.6)3–9(10) cm long, aculeate (sometimes so densely so that the prickles fuse to form dentate ridges) or completely without prickles; pedicels 0.9–2.2(2.4) cm long; bracts 5–10 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate, acuminate, caducous; bracteoles 3–7 mm long, linear, caducous. Raceme (6.3)11–26.5(27.2) cm long (especially long in E Zimbabwe), (5)6–20(21)-flowered; peduncle (1.6)3–9(10) cm long, aculeate (sometimes so densely so that the prickles fuse to form dentate ridges) or completely without prickles; pedicels 0.9–2.2(2.4) cm long; bracts 5–10 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate, acuminate, caducous; bracteoles 3–7 mm long, linear, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–12 × 6–10 mm, the teeth 1–2 mm long, broadly acuminate. Calyx 5–12 × 6–10 mm, the teeth 1–2 mm long, broadly acuminate.
    Corolla
    Standard deep yellow, flecked or spotted with violet or purple on the outer face, (1.4)1.6–2.6 × (1.4)1.7–2.3(2.5) cm, the blade first widening gradually from the claw and then very abruptly so that it is subcordate just below the middle, apically emarginate, appendages semicircular or broadly triangular and without free tips; wings yellow, 1.3–2.1 cm × 4–9 mm, with upper basal acuminate tooth slightly hooked or ± horizontal and with lamellate sculpturing in upper basal and central sections on outer face; keel greenish-yellow, slightly speckled with purple, l.3–1.6 cm × 7.5–11 mm, the basal tooth usually large, horizontal, ± parallel to the petal-claw. Standard deep yellow, flecked or spotted with violet or purple on the outer face, (1.4)1.6–2.6 × (1.4)1.7–2.3(2.5) cm, the blade first widening gradually from the claw and then very abruptly so that it is subcordate just below the middle, apically emarginate, appendages semicircular or broadly triangular and without free tips; wings yellow, 1.3–2.1 cm × 4–9 mm, with upper basal acuminate tooth slightly hooked or ± horizontal and with lamellate sculpturing in upper basal and central sections on outer face; keel greenish-yellow, slightly speckled with purple, l.3–1.6 cm × 7.5–11 mm, the basal tooth usually large, horizontal, ± parallel to the petal-claw.
    Ovary
    Ovary 22–32-ovulate; style glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pod 14.5–31 cm × 3.5–6.5(8) mm, curved, long acuminate, thicker at the centre than at the sutures which are sometimes slightly constricted between the seeds particularly along the upper margin, 12–30-seeded; septa 9–12(13) mm apart; sutures of younger fruits drying green in contrast to the brown central area. Pod 14.5–31 cm × 3.5–6.5(8) mm, curved, long acuminate, thicker at the centre than at the sutures which are sometimes slightly constricted between the seeds particularly along the upper margin, 12–30-seeded; septa 9–12(13) mm apart; sutures of younger fruits drying green in contrast to the brown central area.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark olive-brown to almost black, not mottled, 6–8 × 2.5–3.5 mm, 2–3 mm thick, subcylindrical to cylindrical; hilum in ± central circular pit surrounded by a white rim aril. Seeds dark olive-brown to almost black, not mottled, 6–8 × 2.5–3.5 mm, 2–3 mm thick, subcylindrical to cylindrical; hilum in ± central circular pit surrounded by a white rim aril.
    Leaves
    Leaves (6.5)10–33(45) cm long, the rachis aculeate or not; petioles (0.3)0.5–2.9(3.5) cm long; leaflets in (9)15–55(64) pairs, (0.7)1.4–3.1(4.4) cm × (2.5)3–8(13) mm (the basal pair sometimes much smaller than the others), oblong, obtuse to slightly emarginate at the apex, apiculate, slightly asymmetrical at the base, entire; stipules (0.9)1.4–2.5(2.9) cm × (2)3–5 mm, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, slightly falcate, erect, caducous or occasionally rather persistent. Leaves (6.5)10–33(45) cm long, the rachis aculeate or not; petioles (0.3)0.5–2.9(3.5) cm long; leaflets in (9)15–55(64) pairs, (0.7)1.4–3.1(4.4) cm × (2.5)3–8(13) mm (the basal pair sometimes much smaller than the others), oblong, obtuse to slightly emarginate at the apex, apiculate, slightly asymmetrical at the base, entire; stipules (0.9)1.4–2.5(2.9) cm × (2)3–5 mm, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, slightly falcate, erect, caducous or occasionally rather persistent.
    Pistil
    Ovary 22–32-ovulate; style glabrous.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Softly woody herb or small tree, 1–6 m. tall, glabrous throughout except for the calyx-margin and a few hairs on the stipules; branches less spreading than those of S. sesban.
    Stem
    Stems usually aculeate.
    Leaves
    Stipules lanceolate, acuminate, erect, up to 12 mm. long and 3 or 4 mm. broad, rather persistent; leaf-rhachis up to 30 cm. long, usually aculeate; leaflets in up to 50 pairs, up to 24(–35) mm. long and 6(–10) mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 6–20-flowered, 11–25 cm. long, including the usually aculeate peduncle of 3–6 cm.; pedicels up to 16 mm. long in fruit.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1.5 mm. long; calyx-tube 4–5 mm., teeth broadly acuminate, 1.5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla a deep golden-yellow, the standard usually flecked with violet; blade of standard at first widening gradually from the 2 mm. long claw and then very abruptly so that it is subcordate just below the middle, 13–15 mm. long, 17–20 mm. wide; appendages semicircular or broadly triangular without any free tips (fig. 49/5b, c, p. 332); blade of wing 10–12 mm. long, 4–7 mm. wide, hooked at the base; claw 4–6 mm. long; blade of keel 5–6 mm. long, 4 mm. wide at the base and 7–9 mm. near the apex; basal tooth large, ± parallel to the 7–8 mm. long claw (fig. 49/5a).
    Stamens
    Filament-sheath (9–) 10–13 mm. long; free parts 4–5 mm. long; anthers 0.8–0.9 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 24–32-ovulate; style glabrous, 4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod curved, up to 30 cm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, 3 mm. thick at the centre, less at the sutures; septa 9–10 mm. apart (fig. 51/13, 14, p. 346).
    Seeds
    Seeds dark olive-brown, not mottled, subcylindrical, 6–6.5 × 2.5 × 2.2 mm.; hilum 0.9 mm. long.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Sudanian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Zambezian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub/Tree

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Sudan

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sesbania macrantha Welw. ex E.Phillips & Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2008 Onana, J.-M. [3637], Cameroon K000580192
    Dec 1, 2000 Munyenyembe, P. [703], Cameroon K000338611
    Aug 1, 1998 Etuge, M. [3404], Cameroon K000338610
    Aug 1, 1998 Etuge, M. [2315], Cameroon K000338612
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8939], Tanzania 31262.000
    Ujor, E. [29998], Cameroon 23713.000
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8661], Cameroon K000086933
    Bidgood, S. [5699], Tanzania K000468725
    Daramola, B. O. [FHI 41586], Cameroon K000087182

    First published in Bothalia 1: 47 (1921)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Cronquist in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 79.
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 261
    • Phill. & Hutch, in Bothalia 1: 47 (1921)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Lewis in Kirkia 13: 28 (1988).
    • —Corby in Kirkia 9: 326 (1974).
    • —Gillett in F.T.E.A., Legum., Pap.: 341(1971).
    • —Gillett in Kew Bull. 17: 117 (1963).
    • —Sousa in C.F.A. 3: 184, t.15 (1962).
    • —White, F.F.N.R.: 165 (1962).
    • —Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed.2, 1: 532 (1958).
    • —Cronquist in F.C.B. 5: 79 (1954).
    • —Baker f., Legum. Trop. Africa: 261 (1929).
    • in Bothalia 1: 47 (1921).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 17: 117 (1963).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 78 (1962).
    • E. P. Sousa in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 184, t. 15 (1962).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 165 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 375 (1961).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 532 (1958).
    • Cronquist in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 79 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 232 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 311 (1952).
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. & Ferns Transv.: 381 (1932).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 261 (1929).
    • Phil. & Hutch in Bothalia 1: 47 (1921).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Kumar, S. & Sane PV (2003). Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. RBG Kew.
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/