1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sesbania Scop.
      1. Sesbania pachycarpa DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical Africa to Namibia, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect semi-woody annual or biennial plant, 1–2.5 m. tall, glabrous throughout except for a few scattered hairs on the very young leaves, a few woolly hairs on the margin of the calyx and the pubescent tip of the style; stems sometimes sparsely aculeate.
    Leaves
    Stipules linear-lanceolate, erect, up to 11 mm. long, caducous; leaf-rhachis nearly always with prickles, especially on its lower surface towards the base, up to 40 cm. long; leaflets in 30–60 pairs, up to 22 mm. long and 5 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 3–18-flowered, the rhachis up to 5 cm. long, including a peduncle of up to 1.5 cm. which is not aculeate; pedicels 6–11 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1 mm., calyx-tube 4 mm., teeth broadly triangular, slightly acuminate, 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Blade of standard ± orbicular, 12–13 mm. long, 13–16 mm. wide; outer margin of appendages rounded with no trace of a free tip (fig. 49/10b, p. 332); claw 4 mm. long; blade of wing 10–12 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, broadly toothed, not hooked, at the base; claw 3–4 mm. long; blade of keel 5–6 mm. long, 3 mm. wide at the base and 7–9 mm. near the apex; basal tooth at an angle of 80°–100° with the 7–8 mm. long claw (fig. 49/10a).
    Stamens
    Filament-sheath 11–13(–15) mm., free parts 4–6 mm., anthers 0.8 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, 25–35-ovulate; style 5 mm. long, pubescent towards the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod ± erect, slightly curved, not torulose, 14–20 cm. long, 3–5 mm. wide, ± 3 mm. thick at the centre and 2 mm. at the sutures, 20–30-seeded; septa 5–7 mm. apart.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, not mottled, 4–4.5 × 2–3 × 2 mm.; hilum 0.5 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Temporary swamps and in Sorghum fields, where its growth is sometimes encouraged; 1000–1200 m.; rainfall 1100–1400 mm.
    Distribution
    U1 U3 U4 from Cape Verde Is. and Senegal to Eritrea, Congo, Angolaa subspecies in South West Africa
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Sudanian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A herb 2–5 ft. high
    Flowers
    Yellow flowers, the standard purple-spotted
    Ecology
    Usually by water or introduced.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

    Sesbania pachycarpa DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1960 Gossweiler, J. [4811], Angola K001307163
    Oct 1, 1960 Dawe, M.J. [392], Angola K001307175
    Oct 1, 1960 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [1994], Angola K001307174
    Jan 1, 1960 Gossweiler, J. [4811], Angola K001307164
    Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [A90], Ghana K000393419 holotype

    First published in Prodr. 2: 265 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 99: 297 (1953)
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 1: 387, partly (Perrottet 230).
    • Prod. 2: 265 (1825)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 17: 126 (1963).
    • Gillett in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 35: 10 (1961)
    • Cronquist in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 81, fig. 7/A (1954).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 265 (1825), pro parte, emend. Guill. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 200, t. 50 (1832).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0