1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sesbania Scop.
      1. Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Southern America..

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Cafe De La Costa, Tamarindillo
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by G.P. Lewis

    Indumentum
    Young stems glaucous, green to dark-brown, often longitudinally ribbed, glabrous to slightly appressed-pubescent, older stems with cracked greyish-black bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–16 cm long; petioles 1–1.8 cm long; leaflets in (6)10–18(21) pairs, 1.1–2.9 cm × 3–8 mm, linear-oblong to oblong, rounded at the apex, apiculate, entire, slightly pubescent beneath especially on the margins and also punctate with minute, scattered black dots, the venation very evident beneath; stipules 3–7 mm long, lanceolate, ± persistent. Leaves 5–16 cm long; petioles 1–1.8 cm long; leaflets in (6)10–18(21) pairs, 1.1–2.9 cm × 3–8 mm, linear-oblong to oblong, rounded at the apex, apiculate, entire, slightly pubescent beneath especially on the margins and also punctate with minute, scattered black dots, the venation very evident beneath; stipules 3–7 mm long, lanceolate, ± persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme axillary, 4–11.3 cm long, 12–24-flowered; peduncle 1–3.3 cm long, slightly appressed-pubescent especially near the base; pedicels 5–10 mm long, glabrous; bracts 2 mm long, lanceolate, marginally pubescent, caducous; bracteoles 0.5–1 mm long, filiform to narrowly lanceolate, caducous. Raceme axillary, 4–11.3 cm long, 12–24-flowered; peduncle 1–3.3 cm long, slightly appressed-pubescent especially near the base; pedicels 5–10 mm long, glabrous; bracts 2 mm long, lanceolate, marginally pubescent, caducous; bracteoles 0.5–1 mm long, filiform to narrowly lanceolate, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx a deep red colour in bud, 4.5–6 × 5–7 mm, apically rather oblique, almost truncate, the teeth inconspicuous, 0.5 mm long, broadly triangular, slightly pubescent at the tips. Calyx a deep red colour in bud, 4.5–6 × 5–7 mm, apically rather oblique, almost truncate, the teeth inconspicuous, 0.5 mm long, broadly triangular, slightly pubescent at the tips.
    Ovary
    Ovary arcuate, glabrous, not winged; style glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pod pale brown, darker brown in central area over the seed cavities, 4.5–9.2 × 1.3–1.8 cm, linear to slightly falcate, 4-winged, stipitate, beaked, glabrous, (3)4–9(10)-seeded; septa 6.5–8 mm apart, slightly oblique; the main part of the pod (i.e. excluding the wings) torulose with prominent reticulate venation on the valves above the seed cavities. Pod pale brown, darker brown in central area over the seed cavities, 4.5–9.2 × 1.3–1.8 cm, linear to slightly falcate, 4-winged, stipitate, beaked, glabrous, (3)4–9(10)-seeded; septa 6.5–8 mm apart, slightly oblique; the main part of the pod (i.e. excluding the wings) torulose with prominent reticulate venation on the valves above the seed cavities.
    Germination
    Seedlings with first foliage leaf simple, much larger than the persistent cotyledons; second foliage leaf paripinnate with four pairs of leaflets.
    Distribution
    A native to South America found in Argentina, Uruguay and S Brazil, where it has also been cultivated as an ornamental for over 100 years. It is now widely cultivated as a garden plant in many parts of the world but has, in many cases, escaped to become a problematic weed invading indigenous vegetation. It is now a particular problem in the USA and South Africa. In the Flora Zambesiaca area most records are from cultivated specimens but it has undoubtedly escaped from gardens and is also recorded as a weed of aquatic areas.
    Habit
    Shrub or small tree, 1–4(5) m tall. Shrub or small tree, 1–4(5) m tall.
    Stem
    Young stems glaucous, green to dark-brown, often longitudinally ribbed, glabrous to slightly appressed-pubescent, older stems with cracked greyish-black bark.
    Corolla
    Standard 1.7–2 × 1.9–2.1 cm, broad, rounded, apically emarginate, the appendages minute with acute free tips and located at the very base of the claw; wings 1.6–1.9 cm × 4.5–6.5 mm, slightly falcate, without a basal tooth; lamellate sculpturing weakly present in upper basal two-thirds on the outer face of the petals; keel 1.6–1.9 cm × 8–10 mm, arcuate, without a basal tooth, the limbs of the two petals fused apically and slightly overlapping (but not fused) basally. Petals red or bright orange. Standard 1.7–2 × 1.9–2.1 cm, broad, rounded, apically emarginate, the appendages minute with acute free tips and located at the very base of the claw; wings 1.6–1.9 cm × 4.5–6.5 mm, slightly falcate, without a basal tooth; lamellate sculpturing weakly present in upper basal two-thirds on the outer face of the petals; keel 1.6–1.9 cm × 8–10 mm, arcuate, without a basal tooth, the limbs of the two petals fused apically and slightly overlapping (but not fused) basally. Petals red or bright orange.
    Pistil
    Ovary arcuate, glabrous, not winged; style glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds greyish-green to straw-coloured, 6.5 × 5 mm, 4 mm thick (quite distinct in shape from all the African species of the genus) without a rim aril but with a paler coloured raised area around the elliptic (not circular) hilum which is not centrally located. Seeds greyish-green to straw-coloured, 6.5 × 5 mm, 4 mm thick (quite distinct in shape from all the African species of the genus) without a rim aril but with a paler coloured raised area around the elliptic (not circular) hilum which is not centrally located.
    Seedling
    Seedlings with first foliage leaf simple, much larger than the persistent cotyledons; second foliage leaf paripinnate with four pairs of leaflets.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Cape Provinces, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Italy, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Malawi, Mauritius, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, South Carolina, Swaziland, Texas, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2009 Soares, A. [1], Brazil K000931756
    Mar 1, 1983 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000931757
    55895.000
    Castellanos, A. [24472], Brazil K000931759
    Fitch [s.n.], Brazil K000931760
    Fox [1], Brazil K000931758
    Mueller, F.J.H. von [217], Brazil K000931761

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 15(1): 43 (1859)

    Accepted by

    • Stinca, A. & al. (2017). New alien vascular species for the flora of southern Italy Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 295-301.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Del Guacchio, E. (2015). Integrazioni, aggiornamenti e note alla flora esotica della Campania Informatore Botanico Italiano 47: 147-154.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Lewis in Kirkia 13: 20 (1988).
    • —Pienaar in Stirton, Plant Invaders: 136, photos, figs.1–3 (1978).
    • —Biegel, Check-list Ornam. Pl. Rhod. Parks & Gard.: 98 (1977).
    • in Martius, Fl. Bras. 15(1): 43 (1859).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Del Guacchio, E. (2015). Integrazioni, aggiornamenti e note alla flora esotica della Campania Informatore Botanico Italiano 47: 147-154.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Lock, J. M. (1985). Specimen in Herb. Kew
    • Burkart, A. (1952). Acme Agency, Buenos Aires 569 pp Las Leguminosas Argentinas

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0