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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Habit
Perennial prostrate or climbing herb, 0·5–1·5 m. long, or erect at first and only 7–20 cm. tall when appearing after burns, sometimes flowering before the leaves appear; rootstock a woody tuber often 5 cm. wide.
Stem
Stems densely ferruginous pubescent, usually velvety, less often glabrous.
Leaves
Leaflets 3, ovate, oblong-ovate or rhomboid (rarely hastate) in outline, 1·5–7·5(–9·5) cm. long, 1–4·7 cm. wide, entire to deeply 3-lobed, acute to slightly emarginate and mucronulate at the apex, broadly cuneate or rounded at the base, sparsely to densely velvety pubescent with rather short adpressed tubercular-based hairs or rarely glabrescent; petiole 1–5·5 cm. long; rhachis 2–10 mm. long; petiolules 1 mm. long; stipules oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4·5–8 mm. long, slightly prolonged and cordate at the base.
Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or terminal, subumbellate, several-flowered; peduncle 1·2–19 cm. long; pedicels 2–4 mm. long; bracteoles subpersistent, ovate-oblong, 1·5–2 mm. long.
Flowers
Flowers scented.
Calyx
Calyx practically glabrous to velvety pubescent; tube 3·5–5 mm. long; lobes triangular, 2–10 mm. long, the upper pair united for ± half their length.
Corolla
Standard mauve-lilac or whitish, often greyish outside, usually with a yellow basal area inside surrounded by a darker deep purple zone, oblate, 1·5–2·6 cm. long, 1·5–2·8 cm. wide, emarginate, glabrous or velvety outside; wings pale mauve-lilac with very pale tips; keel very pale lilac, the beak short, slightly incurved.
Stigma
Stigma produced as a subulate beak some 2 mm. beyond the stigma.
Fruits
Pods held erect, linear-cylindrical, 6–11 cm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, ± pubescent with short adpressed hairs or almost glabrous, 12–16-seeded.
Seeds
Seeds red-brown with dense black speckling, oblong-ellipsoid, longest dimension 3–5 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3 mm., 2–2·8 mm. thick; hilum ± central, small; aril not developed.
Distribution
As for subsp. frutescens

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Somalia-Masai grasslands, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-
Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Vigna frutescens A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1968 Glover, P.E. [1810], Kenya K000058788
Jan 1, 1968 Glover, P.E. [530], Kenya K000058789
Jan 1, 1968 Glover, P.E. [251], Kenya K000058790
South Africa K000117580 Unknown type material
Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000117582 Unknown type material

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 218 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 547 (1970).
  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 406 (1929).
  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 196 (1871).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 218 (1847).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0