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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada y naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Habit
Hierba, trepadora

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Widespread throughout the tropics.
Habit
Perennial climbing or trailing herb; stems covered with brownish bristly hairs or glabrescent
Leaflets
Leaflets 3, ovate to linear-oblong, 2.5–16.5 x 0.4–8 cm, ± pubescent on both surfaces
Stipules
Stipules lanceolate, prolonged and subcordate or shortly auriculate at the base
Inflorescences
Inflorescences subumbellate, 2–6-flowered
Calyx
Calyx with brown or whitish long or short bristly hairs, or glabrescent
Corolla
Standard pink, purple or yellowish, 2–3.5 cm long, glabrous
Fruits
Pods held erect, 40–140 x 2.5–4 mm, covered with short or long brown bristly hairs, 10–18-seeded.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Habit
Perennial climbing or trailing herb, 0·3–6 m. long, from a narrow woody rootstock.
Stem
Stems sparsely to very densely covered with brown hairs or bristles.
Leaves
Leaflets 3, ovate to lanceolate or in some variants elliptic or linear-oblong, 2·5–16·5 cm. long, 0·4–8·3 cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, rounded or truncate at the base, usually entire but rarely slightly lobed, pubescent to velvety on both surfaces; venation ± raised and reticulate on both surfaces; petiole 1·5–11 cm. long; rhachis 0·4–3 cm. long; petiolules 2–4 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 0·5–1·3 cm. long, veined, prolonged and sub-cordate or shortly auriculate at the base.
Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, 2–6-flowered, subumbellate or rhachis very short; peduncle 4·5–36 cm. long; pedicels 1–2 mm. long; bracteoles deciduous, lanceolate, 5–8 mm. long.
Calyx
Calyx with long brown or whitish bristly and also short white hairs, rarely glabrescent; tube 5–7 mm. long; lobes linear or linear-lanceolate, 0·2–2 cm. long, the upper pair joined at the base only.
Corolla
Standard bilaterally asymmetrical, yellow or more usually pink or purple, sometimes with yellow or purple marks at the base inside, oblate, 2–3·5 cm. long, 2–4 cm. wide, emarginate, glabrous; wings purple, pale at base and on inner face; keel white or pale lilac, asymmetrical, falcate, the beak incurved 180° and twisted to one side and the left-hand petal with a marked pocket in addition to the small basal pockets present in both petals.
Fruits
Pods held erect, linear-cylindrical, 4–14 cm. long, 2·5–4 mm. wide, covered with short or long brown bristly hairs, 10–18-seeded.
Seeds
Seeds buff to black, unspotted or brown to dark red with black speckling, oblong or oblong-reniform, longest dimension 2·5–4·5 mm., shorter dimension 2–2·5 mm.; aril vestigial or not developed.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Habit
Perennial climbing or trailing herb, 0.3–6 m long, from a narrow woody rootstock.
Stem
Stem sparsely to very densely covered with brown hairs or bristles.
Leaflets
Leaflets 3, 2.5–16.5 × 0.4–8.3 cm, ovate to lanceolate or in some variants elliptic to linear-oblong, acute or acuminate at the apex, rounded or truncate at the base, usually entire but rarely slightly lobed, nearly glabrous to pubescent to velvety on both surfaces; venation ± raised and reticulate on both surfaces; petiole 1.5–11 cm long; rhachis 0.4–3 cm long; stipules 5–13 mm long, lanceolate, multinerved, prolonged and subcordate or shortly auriculate at the base.
Inflorescences
Peduncle 4.5–36 cm long; rhachis 0–1.5 cm long, 1–4-noded, internodes 2–6 mm long.
Flowers
Flower pink to purple, rarely white tinged with mauve, 1.7–2.6 cm long; pedicel 1–2 mm long, not expanding as the pod matures; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 1-nerved.
Calyx
Calyx with long brown or whitish bristly and also short white hairs, rarely glabrescent; tube 4–7 mm long; lobes subequal, the upper pair joined at the base only.
Corolla
Standard bilaterally asymmetrical, with 2 parallel widely spaced appendages, rarely without appendages; keel twisted towards the right, asymmetrical, the beak incurved through 180°, the left-hand petal with a marked conical pocket 4–6 mm long.
Fruits
Pods 8–14 cm × 3–5 mm, linear-cylindrical, scabrous, covered with short or long brown bristly hairs, with a straight beak.
Seeds
Seed with hilum slightly excentric; aril vestigial or not developed.

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Habit
Stems twining or prostrate
Roots
Root tuberous and spindle-shaped
Flowers
Flowers pink or purplish turning yellow.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Vernacular
Bejuco Marrullero, Chorreque, Tokambahatsy, Tsiroko, Wal-lima
Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Sudanian woodland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; woodland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Su
Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb

>

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine

Doubtfully present in:

Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

New Guinea

Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 2, 2007 Bullock, A.A. [3789], Zambia 15697.000
Jan 1, 2007 Andrade, I.M. [178], Brazil K000931230
Apr 1, 2002 Mackinder, B. [149], Cameroon K000027472
Apr 1, 2002 Mackinder, B. [163 b], Cameroon K000027481
Jan 1, 1998 Franco, A.L.M. [28107], Brazil K000931229
Oct 1, 1995 Travassos, Z. [235], Pernambuco K000206908
Oct 1, 1995 Travassos, Z. [235], Pernambuco K000206907
Jul 31, 1992 Silva, J.M. [1101], Brazil K000931228
Jan 1, 1979 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8671], Cameroon K000087367
Jan 1, 1970 Schimper [1426], Ethiopia K000263401
Jan 1, 1970 Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000263400 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [797], India K000900663
Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [797], India K000900664
Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000900665
Milne-Redhead, E. [8529], Tanzania 23875.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7069], Tanzania 26594.000
Greenway, P.J. [11434], Tanzania 28290.000
Gillett, J.B. [13976], Kenya 11644.000
Cruse, A.W. [514], Zimbabwe 11645.000
Tweedie, E.M. [1027], Kenya 9295.000
Polhill, R. [349], Kenya 775.000
Hornby, R.M. [228A], Tanzania 15719.000
Bidgood, S. [5705], Tanzania K000468719
Santos, T.S. [3504], Bahia K000206918
Lima, H.C. [2850], Brazil K000931226
Lima, H.C. [2850], Brazil K000931227
Hage, J.L. [721], Bahia K000206916
Vogel [s.n.], Niger K000263382
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000279309
Niger K000263381 holotype
Pinto, G.C.P. [33283], Bahia K000206900
Santos, E.B. [64], Bahia K000206917
Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279301
Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279310
Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279311
Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279308
Moore, C. [s.n.], Australia K000279307
Bidwill [s.n.], Australia K000279305
Roger dedit [s.n.], Senegal K000263380
MacGillivray, J. [s.n.], Australia K000279312
leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000279304
leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000279306
Pedra Cavalo, G. [637], Bahia K000206919
Spruce, R. [6238], Ecuador Phaseolus vexillatus K000201003

First published in R.de la Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 10: 191 (1845)

Accepted by

  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Ramana, M.V., Swamy, J. & Kumar Tagore, J. (2012). Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl. and Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich.: New distributional records to the flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 840-842.
  • Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2012). Herbacious vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22: 39-61.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 6: 379, t. 29, fig. 18C.
  • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 413
  • Chev. Bot. 202
  • —F.T.A. 2: 199 (incl. vars. α and ß)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Amith, J. & collaborators (2020). Nahuatl Learning Environment http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/index.html.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Ramana, M.V., Swamy, J. & Kumar Tagore, J. (2012). Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl. and Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich.: New distributional records to the flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 840-842.
  • Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2012). Herbacious vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22: 39-61.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • S.Calderon & P.C.Standley (1944). Lista Preliminar de las plantas de El Salvador, ed. 2: 1-450. Ediciones culturales de la universidad de El Salvador.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 553 (1970).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 567 (1958).
  • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 379, t. 29, text fig. 18/C (1954).
  • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 47, fig. 37 (1948).
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  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 413 (1929).
  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 199 (1871).
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International Legume Database and Information Service

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  • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
  • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
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  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Duke, J. (1981). Handbook Legumes World Economic Importance. Plenum Press, N. Y
  • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
  • Marechal, R. et al. (1978). Boissiera 28:1-273 ... Phaseolus et Vigna...
  • Steyermark, J. A. & Huber, O. (1978). Flora del Avila 514-565 Leguminosae (Fabaceae)
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  • Deb, D. B. (1961). Dicotyledonous plants of Manipur territory 3(3&4) :253-350
  • Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1954). Flore du Congo Belge Vol. 6. Dalbergieae, Vicieae, Phaseoleae
  • Standley, P. C. & Steyermark, J. A (1946). Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5) :1-425 Leguminosae

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