1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Zornia J.F.Gmel.
      1. Zornia pratensis Milne-Redh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Tropical Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sudanian wooded grassland, Sudanian grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial herb, with a thickened often creeping perennating root.
    Stem
    Stems numerous, erect at first, ultimately decumbent, up to 3.5 dm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2-foliolate; leaflets of upper leaves obliquely linear-elliptic, up to 27 × 5 mm., acute or shortly apiculate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, glandular-punctate, especially near the margin, beneath; those of lower leaves similar.
    Stipules
    Stipules narrowly lanceolate, up to 12 mm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts ovate-lanceolate, acute, often shorter than the internodes, sparsely beset with glands, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers longer than the bracts.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 4.0 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow with red veins; standard often orange-red outside, up to 10 mm. long, but often less.
    Fruits
    Legume up to 17 mm. long and 7-seeded, but more usually 5–6-seeded; segments 2.5 × 2 mm.; bristles beset with short spreading hairs, rarely glabrous.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

    Habit
    Decumbent or, less often, erect perennial herb 5–40 cm long or tall.
    Stem
    Stems often many from the woody stock, branched, glabrous or somewhat pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2-foliolate; leaflets 10–27(40) × 1–5(10) mm, obliquely linear-elliptic, linear or lanceolate, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrescent or sparsely hairy, glandular-punctate, particularly near the margins; petiole 5–20 mm long, glabrous; petiolules c. 1 mm long; stipules 9–18 mm long including the 3–6 mm long spur, 1.5–3 mm wide, lanceolate, glabrous and obscurely pellucid-punctate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 5–25 cm long; peduncle 2–6 cm long; bracts 5–12 × 2–4(6) mm, elliptic, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, acute, ciliate but otherwise glabrous, fairly densely to sparsely pellucid-punctate.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 2 mm long; lobes 0.5–1.5 mm long, glabrous save for midnerve of the lowest lobe.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow or orange, marked with red or brown, or sometimes pink, 7–11 × 6–10 mm; wings yellow marked with red; keel yellow or green.
    Fruits
    Fruits 10–17 mm long of 4–6 articles, each article 1.5–2.5 × 1.5–2 mm, sometimes slightly glandular, puberulous or rarely glabrous, covered with plumose or glabrous bristles 0.2–0.5(1) mm or 2–3 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, compressed, 1.8 × 1.1 × 0.5 mm, irregularly reniform, somewhat beaked beyond the small eccentric hilum.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Zornia pratensis Milne-Redh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drummond, R.B. [4517], Uganda K000418124
    Drummond, R.B. [4517], Uganda K000418125

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 24: 127 (1954)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 216 (1966).
    • Mohlenbr. in Webbia 16: 74 (1961).
    • J. Léon. & Milne-Redh. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 358 (1954).
    • Milne-Redh. in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 28: 93 (1954).
    • Milne-Redh. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 24: 127 (1954)
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0