1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Aloe L.
      1. Aloe arborescens Mill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 2600 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba, arbusto
    [FZ]

    Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub 3–5 m high.
    Stem
    Stem to 30 cm in diameter, branching at or near the base, much branched above; stem and branches usually covered with persistent dried leaf remains.
    Leaves
    Leaves in a dense rosette at the apex of each branch, spreading becoming recurved; lamina up to 60 cm long, 5–7 cm wide at the base, lanceolate-attenuate, greyish-green, without spots, tinged reddish in dry conditions; margin with firm forward-pointing yellow deltoid teeth 3–5 mm long and 10–15 mm apart.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–4 from each rosette, erect, up to c. 60 cm tall; peduncle simple or rarely with one short branch, with a few sterile bracts below the raceme. Raceme 20–40 × c. 10 cm, cylindric-acuminate, very densely flowered, the buds covered by the bracts; bracts 15–20 × 10–12 mm, broadly ovate, scarious, brown, many-nerved; pedicels 30–40 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth bright orange-scarlet, paler towards the mouth, green-tipped in bud, 35–40 mm long, c. 7 mm in diameter across the ovary, cylindric-trigonous; outer segments free to the base, tips scarcely spreading.
    Reproductive morphology
    Stamens and stigma exserted c. 5 mm.
    Fruits
    Capsule 17–18 × 7 mm, oblong-ovoid, yellowish-brown.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.75 × 3.5 mm, black with very narrow, whitish wings.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Caroline Is., France, Korea, Madeira, Marshall Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, New South Wales, New Zealand South, Portugal, South Australia, Spain, Tunisia

    Aloe arborescens Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1990 Cholocholo, Aubrey [22], Malawi K000210345
    Feb 10, 1987 Chase, N.C. [6886], Zimbabwe K000210365
    Feb 10, 1987 Leach, L.C. [12875], Zimbabwe K000210363
    Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [11232], Malawi K000210348
    Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [9724], Malawi K000210349
    Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [9724], Malawi K000210350
    Feb 10, 1987 Chapman, J.D. [5792], Malawi K000210355
    Feb 10, 1987 Blackmore, S. [407], Malawi K000210356
    Feb 5, 1987 Reynolds, G.W. [6698], Malawi K000210346
    Feb 5, 1987 Mogg, A.O.D. [1026], Mozambique K000210367
    Feb 5, 1987 Mogg, A.O.D. [1026], Mozambique K000210366
    Feb 5, 1987 Richards, H.M. [16637], Malawi K000210354
    May 6, 1985 Richards, H.M. [16785], Malawi K000210351
    May 6, 1985 Schäfer, P.A. [6747], Mozambique K000210357
    4352.000
    Brass, L.J. [16525], Malawi K000210353
    Brummitt, R.K. [10091], Malawi K000210347
    Miller, O.B. [2926], Zimbabwe K000210364
    Carter [2704], Zimbabwe K000210362
    Carter [2704], Zimbabwe K000210361
    Richards, H.M. [16594], Malawi K000210352
    Torre, A.R. [5390], Mozambique K000210359
    Torre, A.R. [5390], Mozambique K000210360
    Groenendijk, E.M.C. [2025], Mozambique K000210358
    Wood, M [4342] K000400924 Unknown type material
    Patel, H. [7253], Mozambique K000545214
    Timberlake, J. [5435], Mozambique K000614420
    Timberlake, J. [5435], Mozambique K000524264

    First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 3 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes. The definitive guide: 1-720. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Klopper, R.R., Retief, E. & Smith, G.F. (2009). The genus Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) in the Free State province of South Africa Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 41-52.
    • Smith, G.F., Klopper, R.R. & Crouch, N.R. (2008). Aloe arborescens (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) and CITES Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 189-198.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Albano, P.-O. (2003). La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. Édisud, Aix-en-Provence.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
    • George, A.S. (ed.) (1986). Flora of Australia 46: 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Klopper, R.R., Retief, E. & Smith, G.F. (2009). The genus Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) in the Free State province of South Africa Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 41-52.
    • Smith, G.F., Klopper, R.R. & Crouch, N.R. (2008). Aloe arborescens (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) and CITES Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 189-198.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
    • George, A.S. (ed.) (1986). Flora of Australia 46: 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/