1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Aloe L.
      1. Aloe esculenta L.C.Leach

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Zambia to N. Namibia.

    [FZ]

    Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial herb, suckering to form dense clumps of plants, acaulescent or sometimes with a short thick often decumbent stem to 40 cm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves in a compact rosette, erect-spreading; lamina to 50(60) cm long, 8(10) cm wide at the base, lanceolate, greyish-green, tinged pinkish-brown in dry conditions, densely white-spotted on both surfaces with the spots in irregular transverse bands, the lower surface with scattered pungent, blackish-brown prickles mostly along the median line; margin with pungent, deltoid blackish-brown teeth 3–5 mm long and 10–20 mm apart.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–3, erect to 2 m high; peduncle 3–5-branched; branches curving upwards bearing the racemes erect, subtended by deltoid scarious bracts c. 15 × 15 mm, with a few sterile bracts below each raceme. Racemes 30–50 × 6 cm, cylindric-acuminate, ± laxly flowered; bracts 15–20 × 10 mm, ovate, scarious, whitish, deflexed in fruit; pedicels 5–10 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth pink with cream-coloured stripes, becoming yellowish when mature, 25–30 mm long, c. 6 mm in diameter across the ovary, widening slightly toward the mouth, cylindric-trigonous; outer segments free to halfway with slightly recurved tips.
    Reproductive morphology
    Stamens and stigma exserted 6–8 mm.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 25 × 15 mm, oblong-ovoid.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 5 × 10 mm, blackish-brown with speckled whitish wings.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia

    Aloe esculenta L.C.Leach appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Leach, L.C. [13818], Angola K000256579 isotype

    First published in J. S. African Bot. 37: 249 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes. The definitive guide: 1-720. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Klopper, R.R., Matos, S. Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2009). Aloe in Angola (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) Bothalia 39: 19-35.
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Not accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. [Cited as Aloe angolensis.]

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0