1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Aloe L.
      1. Aloe excelsa A.Berger

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa to Limpopo.

    [FZ]

    Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Small tree, 2–6 m high, stem simple, clothed in withered leaf remains.
    Leaves
    Leaves in a compact rosette at the stem apex, spreading becoming recurved; lamina to 1 m long, up to 15 cm wide at the base, lanceolate-attenuate, deeply channelled, dull green often tinged reddish, without spots, usually with scattered reddish-brown prickles on the lower surface; margin with pungent deltoid reddish-brown teeth 4–6 mm long and 15–25 mm apart.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–4, erect to 1 m tall above the leaf rosette; peduncle stout, up to c. 6-branched, the lower branches rebranched; branches spreading upwards, subtended by brown scarious deltoid bracts to c. 10 × 15 mm, with scattered sterile bracts below each raceme. Racemes erect, 15–25 × 5–7 cm, cylindric, very densely flowered; bracts 4–6 × 4 mm, rounded, scarious, buff-coloured, reflexed; pedicels c. 1 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth bright glossy red to reddish-orange or occasionally almost white, 20–32 mm long, c. 5 mm in diameter across the ovary, widening to c. 7 mm at the middle and narrowing slightly toward the mouth, cylindrical-ellipsoid; outer segments free for c. three-quarters, with tips recurved.
    Reproductive morphology
    Stamens and stigma exserted c. 10 mm; stamens with filaments purplish, anthers orange, stigma orange-coloured.
    Fruits
    Capsule and seeds not seen.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Aloe excelsa A.Berger appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead [4] 18808.000

    First published in Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 4: 247 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes. The definitive guide: 1-720. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0