1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Aloe L.
      1. Aloe myriacantha (Haw.) Schult. & Schult.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Aloaceae, Susan Carter. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

    Distribution
    Range: Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Malawi, eastern Zimbabwe and South Africa (Cape Province) Flora districts: U2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T5 T 7;
    [FZ]

    Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial herb, solitary, acaulescent, with thick fleshy roots from a corm-like base c. 3 cm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves rosulate, grass-like, sheathing the stem for 2–5 cm at and below ground-level; lamina erect, up to 40 cm × 4–10 mm, linear, ± fleshy, channelled on the upper surface, usually densely white-spotted on the lower surface towards the base and sometimes spinulescent; margin with minute cartilaginous teeth 1–2 mm apart at the base, more distant towards the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, up to 50 cm high, unbranched; peduncle with sterile papery bracts on the upper half 2–3 cm apart. Raceme to 8 × 6 cm, capitate, densely flowered; bracts 10–20 × 5–12 mm, ovate-acuminate; pedicels 10–25 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth greenish-white to pink, 15–20 mm long, 5–6 mm in diameter across the ovary, cylindric-trigonous, tapering into the pedicel, distinctly 2-lipped with upturned segments at the mouth; outer segments free to the base with tips rounded.
    Reproductive morphology
    Stamens scarcely exserted, style slightly longer.
    Fruits
    Capsule stipitate for 1 mm, c. 22 × 10 mm, ovoid, reddish-brown.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3 × 5 mm, narrowly winged, greyish.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe

    Aloe myriacantha (Haw.) Schult. & Schult.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 15, 1993 Uhlig, C. [1079], Tanzania K000210195 syntype
    Mar 3, 1993 Congdon, T.C.E. [267], Tanzania K000210208
    Mar 3, 1993 Congdon, T.C.E. [267], Tanzania K000210207
    Jan 30, 1987 Plowes, D.C.H. [2439], Zimbabwe K000210194
    May 6, 1985 Chase, N.C. [6367], Zimbabwe K000210193
    May 6, 1985 Salubeni, A.J. [642], Malawi K000210192
    May 6, 1985 St.Clair Thompson, G.W. [15], Tanzania K000210205
    Sep 11, 1960 Bowie [s.n.], South Africa K000210212 holotype
    Sep 1, 1960 Burtt, B.D. [6531], Tanzania K000210199
    Sep 1, 1960 Burtt, B.D. [5111], Tanzania K000210198
    Tweedie, E.M. [1272], Kenya 2328.000
    Tanner, R. [3794], Tanzania K000210201
    Greenway, P. [2946], Tanzania K000210206
    Carter [2372], Tanzania K000210209
    Richards, H.M. [23330], Tanzania K000210203
    Johnston, H.H. [s.n.], Kenya K000210211 holotype
    Newbould, J.B. [6282], Tanzania K000210200
    Uhlig, C. [789], Tanzania K000210196 syntype
    Uhlig, C. [1079], Tanzania K000210197 holotype
    Bigger, M. [2344], Tanzania K000210204
    Bidgood, Sally [3847], Tanzania K000210210
    Beesley, J.S.S. [171], Tanzania K000210202

    First published in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 704 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D.J.L. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi), n.s., Asphodelaceae: 1-43. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes. The definitive guide: 1-720. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Carter, S. (1994). Aloaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-60.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Carter, S. (1994). Aloaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-60.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • U.K.W.F.: 690 (1974).
    • Aloes Trop. Afr. & Madag.: 6 (1966);
    • Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 19: 25 (1953).
    • Aloes S. Afr.: 116 (1950)
    • Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 13:100 (1947)
    • E.P. 38: 167 (1908);
    • E.P. 38:166 (1908);
    • F.T.A. 7: 456 (1898);
    • Fl. Cap. 6: 306(1896);
    • Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot., ser. 2, 2; 351, t. 63 (1887);
    • Syst. Veg. 7: 704 (1829);

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0