1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Aloe L.
      1. Aloe spicata L.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Tree or shrub 1–2 m high.
    Stem
    Stem erect, simple or branched, or forming shrubs with branches decumbent; stems and branches covered with withered leaf remains.
    Leaves
    Leaves in a dense rosette, spreading, becoming recurved; lamina c. 60–80 cm long, 7–10 cm wide at the base, lanceolate-attenuate, channelled, uniformly green or flushed entirely coppery-red in dry conditions; margins reddish, with cartilaginous deltoid teeth 1–2 mm long and 8–15 mm apart.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–5, simple, erect to 1 m tall above the leaf rosette; peduncle with numerous sterile bracts below the raceme. Raceme 30–50 × c. 3 cm, cylindric, very densely flowered; bracts pale brown, c. 10 × 6 mm, ovate-acuminate; flowers ± sessile.
    Perianth
    Perianth greenish-yellow to golden-yellow, brownish in bud, c. 15 mm long, c. 10 mm in diameter at the mouth, campanulate, with much brownish nectar; outer segments free to the base.
    Reproductive morphology
    Stamens and stigma exserted c. 10 mm; stamens with filaments yellow and anthers orange, stigma yellow.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 12 × 7 mm, ovoid, dark brown.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2 × 3 mm, black with very narrow pale brown wings.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Aloe spicata L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead [3] Aloe sessiliflora 21988.000

    First published in Suppl. Pl.: 205 (1782)

    Accepted by

    • Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes. The definitive guide: 1-720. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/