1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Sansevieria Thunb.
      1. Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Habit
    Acaulescent perennials forming large colonies; rhizome subterranean, 1.2–2.5 cm thick
    Leaves
    Leaves rosulate, 2–8, lanceolate to broadly linear, 60–85 × 4–8 mm, flat to somewhat incurved, smooth to slightly rough, subulate tip 0.5 cm long, acute, hard but not horny, margin bright red, entire, 1 mm wide, with a pale membranous edge easily peeling off, with irregular, paler horizontal areas, conspicuous banding may fade with age; keeled towards the base, petiole 20–25 cm long; basal scaly leaves 2–3, 8–12 × 4–6 cm, membranous, apex slightly obtuse, with distinct veins
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an erect raceme, 65–70(–75) cm long, axis 0.4–0.6 cm wide; flowers 4–5(–7) per cluster, 2–2.5 cm apart, subtended by 0.4–0.5 cm long membranous bracteoles; pedicels 0.4–0.7(–0.9) cm long
    Flowers
    Flower perianth (26–)30–40(–65) mm long; tube 14–20 mm long, lobes cream to pale mauve, 16–20 mm long; filaments ± 2 cm long, thin, anthers yellow, 0.3–0.4 cm long
    Fruits
    Fruit orange or yellow, globose, shortly stipitate; seeds globose, ± 8 mm in diameter, the epidermis thick.
    Distribution
    Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa
    Ecology
    no EA data, elsewhere growing in dry bushland or wooded grassland
    Conservation
    Least concern
    [FTEA]

    Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Habit
    Acaulescent herb, 60 cm long; rhizome subterranean, whitish to green, 2.5–3.8 cm thick
    Leaves
    Leaves ascending or ascending-spreading, (3–)4–5, elliptic, stiffly coriaceous, oblong or broadly lanceolate, 30–60(–90) × 8.8–15 (–17) cm, 2–3 mm thick at the middle, flat, narrowed and convolute at base, slightly rough, acute, subulate tip 0.4–0.6 cm long, margins 0.1 cm wide, slightly wavy, hardened, narrow membranous edges when young soon disappearing, dull glaucous-green to somewhat bluish green, transverse bars irregular lighter green on both surfaces but more conspicuous on lower surface; slightly petiolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 41–60 cm high, axis 0.8–1 cm thick near base, upper two-thirds a compact spike-like raceme; lower inflorescence bracts 4–5, ovate, 1.3–1.9 × 1.3–1.9 cm, obtuse, distant, membranous; bracteoles membranous, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 0.3–0.6 cm long, acute; pedicels 0.2–0.4 cm long, jointed at apex, with scarcely any deciduous part
    Flowers
    Flowers white to grey-white; tube 1.2–1.6(–1.9) cm long, rounded at base, lobes linear, 1.5–1.9 cm long, obtuse, revolute; filaments 1.6–1.8 cm long, anthers 0.3 cm long; style 3.6–4 cm long
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose berry; brownish yellow on ripening.
    Distribution
    Zimbabwe, South Africa
    Ecology
    Dry bushland or riverine forest; 50–600 m
    Conservation
    Least concern
    Note
    This species differs from {i}S. hyacinthoides {/i}by its wider leaves, shorter flowers, slightly wavy leaf margins, dull glaucous and dark green-blue colour. It may also be taken for {i}S. conspicua{/i}, but its crowded inflorescence, slightly rough undersurface and shorter pedicels help to distinguish it. Common name: “pendulous {i}Sansevieria{/i}”, because of its growth form in cultivation. Our material belongs to var. {i}grandis{/i}.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Cayman Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam, Windward Is.

    Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Oct 17, 2002 Leach, L.C. [12265], Mozambique K000204132
    Oct 17, 2002 Wild, H. [1650], Zimbabwe K000204156
    Oct 17, 2002 Pope, G. [2], Mozambique K000204134
    Oct 16, 2002 Chase, N.E. [7956], Zimbabwe K000204086
    Mar 15, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [8991], Malawi K000204087
    Mar 15, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [11456], Malawi K000204137
    Jul 1, 1980 Simmonds [Herb. Trin. No.14933], Trinidad & Tobago K000204276
    Jul 1, 1980 Fendler, A. [851], Trinidad & Tobago K000204275
    Philcox, D. [8083], Trinidad & Tobago K000204268
    Jansen, P.C.M. [PJ7665], Mozambique K000204119

    First published in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 423 (1913 publ. 1914)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Fournet, J. (2002). Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique 2: 1325-2538. Gondwana editions.
    • Eggli, U. (ed.) (2001). Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Monocotyledons: 1-354. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
    • Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis ed. 2: 1-382. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(2): 603-1176. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Proctor, G.R. (1984). Flora of the Cayman Islands: 1-834. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
    • Williams, R.O. (1983). Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 3(3): 201-277. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Fournet, J. (2002). Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique 2: 1325-2538. Gondwana editions.
    • Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis ed. 2: 1-382. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(2): 603-1176. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Proctor, G.R. (1984). Flora of the Cayman Islands: 1-834. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
    • Williams, R.O. (1983). Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 3(3): 201-277. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    • Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 1-848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
    • Leon, H. (1946). Flora de Cuba 1: 1-441. Cultural S. A., La Habana.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L.E. Newton in Ill. Handb. Succ. Plants 1: 266 (2001).
    • Obermayer in Flora of Southern Africa 5, 3: 5 (1992)
    • Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles 1913 (3): 423 (1914)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [B] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [C] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0