1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Tulbaghia L.
      1. Tulbaghia rhodesica R.E.Fr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Alliaceae by S. Kativu

    Habit
    Plant with bulb-like rootstock arising from a rhizomatous base.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear, 10–20 × 0.4 cm.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle up to 20 cm long; involucral bracts tinged with purple, up to 25 × 8 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 6–10-flowered, usually flowering before leaves; pedicels up to 25 mm long in fruit.
    Perianth
    Perianth rose-purple (rarely pure white), 7–9 × 2–3 mm, segments acute, 6–8 × 3.5–4.5 mm, the whorls set very close together; corona obscurely 3-lobed, 1 mm long, lobes separated from each other by a minute bright red secondary lobe.
    Anthers
    Anthers 1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, 4 × 5 mm; seeds black, c.4.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Also in S Tanzania.
    Ecology
    In open places and bush, on rocky shallow soil; 1000–1500 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: A localised species but habitat not threatened; possibly Lower Risk near threatened.
    [FTEA]

    Alliaceae, Sarah Smith & Jonathan Stansbie. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2003

    Habit
    Plant to 24 cm high.
    Roots
    Rootstock a small bulb, ovoid or pear-shaped, 1–1.5 cm in diameter, with rhizomatous base, covered by dry membranous brown leaf-bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves few, erect, linear, 6–10 cm long, 0.2–0.4 cm wide, apex obtuse to rounded, margin entire, base sheathing and persistent on bulb, glabrous.
    Scape
    Scapes 1–2(–3) per plant, 7.7–20 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an umbel with 5–10 flowers; spathaceous-bracts pinkish, membranous, unequal, larger bract 1.3–2.5 cm long, 0.3–0.4 cm wide, the smaller 1.3–1.5 cm long, 0.2 cm wide, lanceolate with long-attenuate apex, margin entire, base amplexicaul, the larger bract partially enclosing the smaller; pedicels 0.8–2 cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth purple-mauve, tube 5–7(–8) mm long, lobes ovate to elliptic to obovate, 7–9 mm long, 2.3–3.2 mm wide, whorls set very close together, apex acute to obtuse, with 1 prominent median nerve.
    Corona
    Corona obscurely 3-lobed, each lobe separated from the next by a minute secondary lobe, annular or divided into fleshy scales, rose-pink, 0.4–1 mm long, margin subentire to shallowly lobate.
    Stamens
    Anthers sessile, 0.8–1 mm long, one series of 3 inserted below corona, 0.2–2.5 mm from mouth of perianth tube, the other series inserted 3–4 mm from base of perianth tube and surrounding the style.
    Ovary
    Ovary subglobose, 1.5–2 mm long, 1.8–2 mm in diameter.
    Style
    Style ± 0.5 mm long, < 0.4 mm in diameter, not exserted.
    Stigma
    Stigma capitate, subsessile, papillate.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid.
    Habitat
    Woodland, in dry gritty soil; 1050 m
    Distribution
    T4

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia

    Tulbaghia rhodesica R.E.Fr. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo-Exp. 1911-1912, 1: 227 (1916)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Smith, S. & Stansbie, J. (2003). Alliaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-8.
    • Burbidge, R.B. (1978). A revision of the genus Tulbaghia (Liliaceae) Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 36: 77-104.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Smith & Stansbie in F.T.E.A., Alliaceae: 4 (2003).
    • ―Burbidge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 36: 97 (1978).
    • ―Vosa in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 34: 111 (1975).
    • ―Carter in Fl. Pl. S. Africa 35: t.1383 (1962).
    • Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo Exped.: 227, fig.20 (1916).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Smith, S. & Stansbie, J. (2003). Alliaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-8.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R.B. Burb. in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. 36: 97, fig. 3, pro parte (1978).
    • Vosa in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 34: 111, fig. 21, t. 19 (1975).
    • R.E. Fr. in Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1911–12, I: 227, fig. 20/a–c (1916).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0