1. Family: Linaceae DC. ex Perleb
    1. Genus: Radiola Hill
      1. Radiola linoides Roth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Medit., SW. Cameroon, Ethiopia, SW. Tanzania to N. Malawi.

    [FTEA]

    Linaceae, Doreen L. Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

    Habit
    Minute erect herb, 1–7 cm. high at flowering.
    Leaves
    Leaves obovate, ovate or elliptic, 1.5–3 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, acute or rounded.
    Flowers
    Flowers terminal, in a usually repeatedly dichotomous dichasial cyme.
    Calyx
    Sepals (2–)3(–4)-toothed at apex, up to 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals obovate, as long as sepals, rounded or obtuse-apiculate, broadly clawed, white.
    Stamens
    Stamens as long as petals.
    Pistil
    Ovary 8-lobed; styles short.
    Fruits
    Capsule nearly as long as sepals, 8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± 3 mm. long, smooth and shining, light brown.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/5, p. 5.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, among grass tussocks; ± 2300 m.
    Distribution
    T7 scattered in mountainous areas of Africa—Cameroon Mt., Ethiopia, Malawi (Nyika Plateau)also in Madeira, Tenerife, N. Africa, and Europe from the Mediterranean north to Scandinavia
    [FZ]

    Linaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Calyx
    Sepals c. 0·5–0·75 mm. long, (2) 3 (4)-fid, with acute teeth, united at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals white, as long as sepals, with obovate-circular lamina rounded at the apex and claw equalling the lamina or slightly longer.
    Androecium
    Stamens as long as the sepals, with anthers c.01 mm. long, globose-oblong; filaments expanded at the base; staminodes subulate (when present).
    Pistil
    Ovary shallowly 8-lobed; styles free, short; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule almost as long as the sepals, straw-coloured, 8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 0·3 mm. long, ± ovoid, pale brown, smooth, shining.
    Habit
    Herb (0·2) 1–7 (10) cm. high, ± spreading, annual, glabrous.
    Stem
    Stem as long as the inflorescence or usually shorter, terete, often purplish-red.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf-lamina 1–3 × 0·75–2 mm., elliptic or the lower ones obovate, acute to rounded at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, 1-nerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a regular repeatedly dichasial many-flowered cyme, densely corymbose, flat or forming a rounded cushion; bracts foliar.
    [FWTA]

    Linaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A very small delicate annual, up to 3 in. high
    Corolla
    Petals white.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Switzerland

    Introduced into:

    Maine, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia

    Radiola linoides Roth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9428], Cameroon K000197600
    Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8716], Cameroon K000337778
    Jan 1, 1995 Thomas, D.W. [9449], Cameroon K000436579
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [272], Cameroon K000437016
    Jan 1, 1993 Cheek, M. [3679], Cameroon K000436177
    Jan 1, 1963 Boughey, A.S. [10724], Cameroon K000094477
    Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [767], Cameroon K000094473
    Maitland, T.D. [816], Cameroon K000094470
    Maitland, T.D. [1293], Cameroon K000094474
    Mann, G. [1334], Cameroon K000094471
    Mann, G. [2021], Cameroon K000094472
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8462], Cameroon K000094476

    First published in Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 71 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Smith, D.L. (1966). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Linaceae: 1-11.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Clapham, Tutin & Warburg Fl. Brit. Isl. 377.
    • Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 71 (1788)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • N. Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 99, t. 10/C (1963).
    • Clapham, Tutin & Warburg, Fl. Brit. Is., ed. 2: 300 (1962).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 361 (1958).
    • Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mittel-Europa 5(1): 2, fig. 1662 (1924).
    • Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 71 (1788).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0