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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to Temp. Asia and N. Myanmar.
Malva verticillata

[FZ]

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Biennial herb 0·5–1 m. tall; stems shortly stellate-pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 4–11 cm. in diam., of basal leaves reniform, of cauline leaves suborbicular and 5-lobed with rounded lobes on lower ones and those of upper ones triangular, margin crenulate-dentate; petiole 4–8 cm. long, longitudinally sulcate, glabrescent except that the grooves remain tomentose; stipules ovate-lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in fascicles; pedicels unequal, the longest up to about 3 cm., shortly stellate-pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Bracts of epicalyx 5–6 mm. long, linear, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx somewhat inflated, sparsely stellate-hirsute; lobes triangular, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals about twice as long as the calyx; claw glabrous or with a few weak hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube setose in upper portion.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 10–12, dorsally smooth or faintly rugose, rugose along the rounded angles, flabellately striate on the flat lateral sides.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: China, Syria, Herb. Linn. 870.26 (LINN, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or biennial herb 0.5–2.4 m tall, erect, decumbent or ascending, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Stems somewhat woody at base; the ‘stellateness’ of the hairs on foliage and calyx etc varies considerably, the hairs being almost simple to very distinctly stellate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves cordate to reniform in outline, 4–24(–30) cm long and wide, shallowly 5–7-lobed, the lobes triangular, acute to rounded, crenate to denticulate; petiole 3–20 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in dense axillary clusters merging into interrupted panicles; pedicel 0–7(–18 in fruit) mm long(–30 fide Exell); epicalyx lobes lanceolate, 5 × 2 mm; calyx 4–5 mm long, later accrescent, scarious and reticulate attaining 12 × 15 mm in fruit; lobes triangular, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals pink, mauve, pale bluish lilac or white with pink tips, 6–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 10–13, 1.5–2 mm long, usually glabrous (see note); back smooth or slightly ribbed near edges; sides with stronger ridges
Figures
Fig 20, p 108
Ecology
Bushland, forest, upper edges of bamboo zone, ericaceous and alpine zones, banks of mountain streams, cultivations, waste and fallow ground, roadsides; 1200–4050 m
Note
This must have been widespread at an early date – already in West Uganda during last decade of 19th Century. It penetrates right into alpine zone e.g. Hedberg 894 from northern slope of Koitobos, Mt Elgon. Has been used as a pot herb and vegetable. Grimshaw 93757 (West Kilimanjaro, 24 Sep. 1993) is a distinctive form with pubescent mericarps and Hepper & Jaeger 7049 (Mt Kulal, Gatab, 24 Nov. 1978) appears to be the same and also probably Bally 5555 (also from Mt Kulal in forest glade near waterhole at 1905 m, 9 Oct. 1947). Bally had named his plant M. verticillata; Gillett had named it M. parviflora, Abedin cf. M. rotundifolia and Krebs cf. pusilla demonstrating how difficult these weedy Malva’s are. The mericarps of Bally 5555 are not rounded at the edges. More extensive and better material with corollas and fruits may solve the true identity of these plants. M. neglecta Walls. has mericarps dorsally ± smooth and pubescent but is much less robust with much more slender stems.
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 Range: Now widespread in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas of the Old World

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or biennial herb, pubescent or pilose, with erect to decumbent stems to 2 m or more long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with 3–20 cm long petiole; blades reniform to suborbicular, shallowly 5(–7)-lobed, up to 24 x 24 cm, with crenate to dentate margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in dense axillary clusters merging into interrupted spike-like panicles; pedicels up to 7 mm long in flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx bracts lanceolate to narrowly ovate, up to 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5 mm long, enlarged in fruit; lobes triangular, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 6–10 mm long, white to bluish violet
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 10–13, 1.5–2 mm long, glabrous, smooth on the back or weakly ribbed near edges, sides with stronger ridges.
Distribution
N2 widespread in tropical to warm temperate regions of the Old World.
Ecology
Altitude c. 1750 m.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Altay, Amur, Assam, Bangladesh, Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Primorye, Qinghai, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tibet, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen

Introduced into:

Alberta, Arizona, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, East European Russia, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Illinois, Iowa, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Lesotho, Libya, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Namibia, Nebraska, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Saskatchewan, South European Russi, Tanzania, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Vermont, Vietnam, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Malva verticillata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2007 Brummit, R.K. [18977], Kenya K000449444
Jan 1, 1979 Collenette, J.S. [1264], Saudi Arabia K000318523
Jan 1, 1914 s.coll. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000659321 holotype
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1879], Bangladesh K001114536

First published in Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Abedin, S. (1979). Flora of West Pakistan 130: 1-107.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Berry, M. (2020). Adventives and Aliens News 21 BSBI News 145: 32-48.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1979). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 2: 1-220. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Riedl, I. (1976). Flora Iranica 120: 1-86. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Urziceanu, M. & al. (2020). Updated list of non-native ornamental plants in Romania Contributii Botanice Universitatea "Babes-Bolyai" din Cluj-Napoca 55: 59-82.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Delipavlov, D. & Cheshmedzhiev, I. (eds.) (2011). Opredelitel na rasteniiata v Bulgariia: 1-590. Akad. Isd. Agrar. Univers. Plovdiv.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1979). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 2: 1-220. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Riedl, I. (1976). Flora Iranica 120: 1-86. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V.P.: 128 (1957)
  • Abedin, Fl. W. Pak. 130: 43, fig 9A (1979)
  • F.C.B. 10: 153 (1963)
  • F.T.A. 1: 177 (1868)
  • F.Z. 1: 502 (1961)
  • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 237, fig 82.19.1–4 (1995)
  • Flora Iranica 120: 22 (1976)
  • Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)
  • U.K.W.F., ed. 2: 102, t. 29 (1994).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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