1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Malva Tourn. ex L.
      1. Malva verticillata L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa, Central Asia to Korea.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Biennial herb 0·5–1 m. tall; stems shortly stellate-pilose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 4–11 cm. in diam., of basal leaves reniform, of cauline leaves suborbicular and 5-lobed with rounded lobes on lower ones and those of upper ones triangular, margin crenulate-dentate; petiole 4–8 cm. long, longitudinally sulcate, glabrescent except that the grooves remain tomentose; stipules ovate-lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in fascicles; pedicels unequal, the longest up to about 3 cm., shortly stellate-pilose.
    Epicalyx
    Bracts of epicalyx 5–6 mm. long, linear, ciliate.
    Calyx
    Calyx somewhat inflated, sparsely stellate-hirsute; lobes triangular, acute.
    Corolla
    Petals about twice as long as the calyx; claw glabrous or with a few weak hairs.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube setose in upper portion.
    Fruits
    Mericarps 10–12, dorsally smooth or faintly rugose, rugose along the rounded angles, flabellately striate on the flat lateral sides.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: China, Syria, Herb. Linn. 870.26 (LINN, lecto.)
    Habit
    Annual or biennial herb 0.5–2.4 m tall, erect, decumbent or ascending, pubescent.
    Stem
    Stems somewhat woody at base; the ‘stellateness’ of the hairs on foliage and calyx etc varies considerably, the hairs being almost simple to very distinctly stellate
    Leaves
    Leaves cordate to reniform in outline, 4–24(–30) cm long and wide, shallowly 5–7-lobed, the lobes triangular, acute to rounded, crenate to denticulate; petiole 3–20 cm long
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense axillary clusters merging into interrupted panicles; pedicel 0–7(–18 in fruit) mm long(–30 fide Exell); epicalyx lobes lanceolate, 5 × 2 mm; calyx 4–5 mm long, later accrescent, scarious and reticulate attaining 12 × 15 mm in fruit; lobes triangular, acute
    Corolla
    Petals pink, mauve, pale bluish lilac or white with pink tips, 6–10 mm long
    Fruits
    Mericarps 10–13, 1.5–2 mm long, usually glabrous (see note); back smooth or slightly ribbed near edges; sides with stronger ridges
    Figures
    Fig 20, p 108
    Ecology
    Bushland, forest, upper edges of bamboo zone, ericaceous and alpine zones, banks of mountain streams, cultivations, waste and fallow ground, roadsides; 1200–4050 m
    Note
    This must have been widespread at an early date – already in West Uganda during last decade of 19th Century. It penetrates right into alpine zone e.g. Hedberg 894 from northern slope of Koitobos, Mt Elgon. Has been used as a pot herb and vegetable. Grimshaw 93757 (West Kilimanjaro, 24 Sep. 1993) is a distinctive form with pubescent mericarps and Hepper & Jaeger 7049 (Mt Kulal, Gatab, 24 Nov. 1978) appears to be the same and also probably Bally 5555 (also from Mt Kulal in forest glade near waterhole at 1905 m, 9 Oct. 1947). Bally had named his plant M. verticillata; Gillett had named it M. parviflora, Abedin cf. M. rotundifolia and Krebs cf. pusilla demonstrating how difficult these weedy Malva’s are. The mericarps of Bally 5555 are not rounded at the edges. More extensive and better material with corollas and fruits may solve the true identity of these plants. M. neglecta Walls. has mericarps dorsally ± smooth and pubescent but is much less robust with much more slender stems.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 Range: Now widespread in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas of the Old World

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Altay, Amur, Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Primorye, Qinghai, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tibet, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Alberta, Arizona, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, East European Russia, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Illinois, Iowa, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Lesotho, Libya, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Namibia, Nebraska, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Saskatchewan, South European Russi, Tanzania, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Vermont, Vietnam, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Malva verticillata L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2007 Brummit, R.K. [18977], Kenya K000449444
    Jan 1, 1979 Collenette, J.S. [1264], Saudi Arabia K000318523
    Jan 1, 1914 s.coll. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000659321 holotype
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1879], Bangladesh K001114536

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Peschkova, G.A. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 10: 1-314. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 237, fig 82.19.1–4 (1995)
    • U.K.W.F., ed. 2: 102, t. 29 (1994).
    • Abedin, Fl. W. Pak. 130: 43, fig 9A (1979)
    • Flora Iranica 120: 22 (1976)
    • F.C.B. 10: 153 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1: 502 (1961)
    • A.V.P.: 128 (1957)
    • F.T.A. 1: 177 (1868)
    • Sp. Pl.: 689 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0