1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Sida L.
      1. Sida cordifolia L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Corolla
    Petals c. 7 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube hirsute.
    Fruits
    Mericarps 8–12 (normally 10), usually c. 7 mm. long, somewhat strigose and birostrate at the apex; awns 3–4 (6) mm. long, exceeding the calyx, erect, finely retrorse-hispid.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2 × 2 mm., glabrous except for some hairs around the hilum.
    Habit
    Erect annual or perhaps sometimes perennial suffrutex 0·5–1 m. tall; stems stellate-pubescent and usually with additional patent simple hairs up to 3 mm. long, ultimately glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–7 × 1–4 cm., broadly ovate- to suborbicular-subcordate, apex usually obtuse to rounded less often acute to acuminate, margin irregularly crenate, base somewhat cordate to rounded, ± densely stellate-pubescent on both surfaces, lower surface paler and with a denser indumentum of longer hairs, upper surface sometimes glabrescent; petiole 1–3 cm. long, stellate-tomentose and often with additional longer patent hairs; stipules c. 5 mm. long, filiform, weak.
    Flowers
    Flowers bright yellow, fasciculate, mainly towards the tips of the branches or, on terminal and lateral branches bearing small leaves, in a subspicate inflorescence, or sometimes solitary in the axils of the lower leaves; pedicels 4–20 mm. long, the longer ones articulated near the apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6 × 8 mm., campanulate-cupuliform, densely and softly tomentose, lobed to about the middle; lobes triangular.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Habit
    Herb or subshrub.
    Conservation
    Least concern.
    Ecology
    Alt. 10 - 2230 m.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [FWTA]

    Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An erect, softly downy perennial, up to 5 ft. high
    Flowers
    Bright yellow flowers
    Ecology
    Common in waste and sandy places.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: India, Linn. Herb. 866-12 (LINN, lecto.) (microfiche!)
    Habit
    Erect annual or perennial herb or shrublet 0.3–1.5 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems shortly stellatepubescent, with or without long simple hairs, eventually glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly ovate to ± round, 3–8 × 1–8 cm, acute to rounded at the apex, ± cordate to rounded at base, stellate-pubescent above, thinly to thickly velvety tomentose beneath; venation impressed above; petiole 1–5.5 cm long; stipules filiform, 2.5 mm long
    Flowers
    Flowers fasciculate, mostly at tips of branches or forming panicles; lower ones sometimes solitary and axillary; pedicel 0.4–2 cm long, usually jointed near apex; calyx 4–8 mm long, lobed to about middle, densely tomentose
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, orange, buff-apricot or pinkish cream, sometimes darker in middle; petals 7–12 mm long.
    Stamens
    Staminal column hairy
    Fruits
    Mericarps 8–10(–12), 3–5 mm long, the lower part of outer face and sides reticulate, with two retrorsely barbed awns 3–6 mm long.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 2230 m.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, Howland-Baker Is., India, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Ascension, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, New Caledonia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Réunion, Seychelles, St.Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tonga, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Flannel Weed, Heartleaf sida
    Spanish
    Escobadura calentana, yerba amarga, malva de castilla, escobilla.

    Sida cordifolia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [184], Cape Verde K001134090
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [198], Cape Verde K001134091
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [197], Cape Verde K001134088
    Dec 1, 2007 Phillipson, P.B. [3565], Madagascar K000438359
    Apr 27, 2004 Lemos, J.R. [180], Brazil K001217071
    Jan 1, 2000 Rovirosa, J.N. [749], Mexico K001105671
    Jan 1, 1995 Harley, R.M. [21399], Brazil K001217087
    Jan 1, 1995 Marcon, A.B. [16], Brazil K001214737
    Jul 19, 1975 Duarte, L. [441], Brazil K001214752
    Harley, R.M. [15366], Brazil K001217090
    Harley, R.M. [16230], Brazil K001217091
    Harley, R.M. [21169], Brazil K001214726
    Harley, R.M. [21399], Brazil K001214730
    Harley, R.M. [19098], Brazil K001214756
    Trail, J.W.H. [47], Brazil K001214732
    Lindeman, J.C. [5393], Brazil K001214745
    Ratter, J.A. [3052], Brazil K001214750
    Pirani, J.R. [2085], Brazil K001217092
    Coradin, L. [6329], Brazil K001217075
    Coradin, L. [5745], Brazil K001217076
    Coradin, L. [6312], Brazil K001217077
    Coradin, L. [6583], Brazil K001217078
    Coradin, L. [6049], Brazil K001217079
    Coradin, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001217080
    Pinheiro, R.S. [396], Brazil K001214751
    Arbo, M.M. [7297], Brazil K001217086
    Arbo, M.M. [3604], Brazil K001214755
    Irwin, H.S. [31533], Brazil K001217313
    Irwin, H.S. [8647], Brazil K001214735
    Irwin, H.S. [21056], Brazil K001214753
    Ule, E. [8219], Brazil K001217312
    Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001217095
    Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001217096
    Andrade, K. [17], Brazil K001214736
    Eiten, G. [10659], Brazil K001217089
    Eiten, G. [5190], Brazil K001214746
    Moricand [s.n.], Brazil K001214749
    Bolland, B.G.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001214757
    Silva, G.P. [2445], Brazil K001214727
    Anderson, W.R. [6969], Brazil K001217315
    Kawasaki, M.L. [6583], Brazil K001214741
    Kawasaki, M.L. [6583], Brazil K001214742
    Pickersgill, B. [72-146], Brazil K001217081
    Silva, L.A.M. [2316], Brazil K001217083
    Alcoforado Filho, F.G. [305], Brazil K001217073
    Esteves, G.L. [5912], Brazil K001214743
    Lyra-Lemos, R.P. [1491], Brazil K001217316
    Hohenacker, R.F. [260], India K001214738
    Riedel [2023], Brazil K001214731
    Krukoff, B.A. [1232], Brazil K001214733
    Krukoff, B.A. [1232], Brazil K001214734
    Gaumer, G.F. [2193], Mexico K001105153
    Gaumer, G.F. [2193], Mexico K001105152
    Dusén, P. [9688], Brazil K001214758
    Gentry, H.S. [1276], Mexico K001105154
    Teijsmann, J.E. [10804], Indonesia K000659349 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1849], Myanmar K001114399
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1849], Myanmar K001114400
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1849], India K001114401
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1849], India K001114402
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1849], Nepal K001114406
    Parodi [31], Brazil K001217070
    Hoehne, W. [12311], Brazil K001217088
    Duarte, L. [308], Brazil K001214728
    Tschá, M. [29], Brazil K001214744
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [126], Brazil K001217074
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [226], Brazil K001217084
    Fryxell, P.A. [3700], Mexico K001105155
    Prance, G.T. [14109], Brazil K001217310
    Prance, G.T. [10863], Brazil K001214747
    Prance, G.T. [14362], Brazil K001214748
    Gwynne-Vaughan, D.T. [46], Brazil K001214759
    Hill, S.R. [13135], Brazil K001217082
    Mimura, I. [275], Brazil K001217314
    Santos, R.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001217309
    Palmer, E. [1003], Mexico K001105150
    Glaziou, A. [13551], Brazil K001217072
    Jangoux, J. [319], Brazil K001217085
    Miers [3412], Brazil K001217093
    Miers [3412], Brazil K001217094
    Gardner [1464], Brazil K001217097
    Gardner [1244], Brazil K001217098
    Gardner [2400], Brazil K001217100
    Gardner [2400], Brazil K001214740
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1849] K001114403
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1849], India K001114404
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1849], India K001114405
    s.coll. [380b], Brazil K001217311
    s.coll. [1315], Brazil K001214739
    Burchell [4211], Brazil K001217317
    Burchell [2595], Brazil K001217318
    Burchell [10015], Brazil K001217319
    Burchell [8653], Brazil K001214760
    Burchell [8653], Brazil K001214761
    Martius [399], Brazil K001217099
    Martius [1006], Brazil K001217101

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 684 (1753)

    Accepted by

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    Literature

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    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
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    • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 339 (1958)
    • T.T.C.L.: 306 (1949)
    • Rev. Mus. de la Plata, Bot. 6: 184, fig. 37, 3 A–E, t. 31 (1944)
    • Exell & Mendonça, C.F.A. 1: 149 (1937)
    • F.T.A. 1: 181 (1868)
    • Sp. Pl.: 684 (1753)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/