1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Sida L.
      1. Sida ovata Forssk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Pen, Iran to India.

    [FWTA]

    Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A rather hoary woody herb, 2 ft. or more high
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Suberect suffrutex up to c. 50 cm. tall, densely grey- or grey-green-tomentose; branches sometimes decumbent; stems terete or somewhat angular when young, wiry, at length glabrescent and somewhat woody.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 10–35 × 6–25 mm., elliptic, ovate, oblong or somewhat obovate to suborbicular, apex obtuse to rounded, margin rather coarsely serrate-crenate, base usually cuneate to rounded, both surfaces densely grey-green-tomentose, the lower surface slightly paler and usually with longer hairs; petiole 2–10 mm. long, tomentose; stipules filiform, often somewhat patent, tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, axillary, solitary or occasionally 2–3-fasciculate, subsessile or pedicellate; pedicels up to 5 (9) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 6 mm. long, subglobose-campanulate, 10-ribbed, tomentose, lobed to about the middle; lobes broad, subacute to shortly apiculate.
    Corolla
    Petals not much exceeding the calyx.
    Fruits
    Mericarps 7–8, c. 4 mm. long, birostrate, separating at dehiscence, dorsally rugulose and very faintly cross-veined, laterally reticulate-striate; awns 2, c. 1 mm. long, often connivent, setaceous, pungent.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2 × 1·5 mm., rather tumid, nearly smooth, glabrous.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Yemen, Wadid Surdud, Forsskål 1728 (C, lecto.)
    Habit
    Erect or spreading rather woody herb or subshrub 0.2–1.2 m tall, finely to densely pubescent and sometimes with long simple hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves usually ± round to elliptic, less often oblong, 1–5.5(–7.5) × 1–4(–5) cm wide, retuse to subacute at the apex, rounded at base, dentate; petiole 0.3–1.2 cm long; stipules linear-lanceolate, 3–5 mm long
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or sometimes paired; pedicel 0.2–1.5(–3) cm long, usually short, rarely some longer ones towards base; calyx 5–9 mm long, 10-ribbed at base; lobes triangular, 2.5–5 mm long, acute
    Corolla
    Corolla white or pale yellow to orange; petals (5–)8–11 mm long.
    Stamens
    Staminal column densely stellate-pubescent
    Fruits
    Mericarps 7–8(–9), 3–3.5 mm long, puberulous to pubescent and glandular, dorsally rugose to ± reticulately sculptured, laterally weakly to distinctly sculptured, the margins distinct, muricate; awns 2, up to 1 mm long.
    Ecology
    Grassland (often overgrazed), grassland with scattered Acacia, Olea etc; Acacia– Commiphora–Tarchonanthus–Salvadora bushland and thicket on gravelly, sandy-alluvial, hard pan and black cotton soils; often in rocky places, wadi edges, also a weed in pasture and old cultivations; 5–2350 m
    Note
    Vollesen includes in his synonymy S. abyssinica Hochst. ex Dietr. (Syn. Pl. 4: 359 (1847)) with Schimper III: 1453 (K, P) from Ethiopia, Djeladjeranne as type but Dietrich does not mention Hochstetter or Schimper but cites S. patens Andr. (see under Abutilon p. 139) of which S. abyssinica must be an illegitimate synonym.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Range: Widespread in drier areas of tropical Africa and South Africa extending to Egypt, Arabia and India, Iran and Pakistan

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sida ovata Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 5, 1984 Ethiopia K000240436
    Feb 19, 1954 Dedit, R. [8], Senegal K000240450
    Feb 19, 1954 Senegambia [413] K000240449
    Gillespie [328], Kenya 24537.000
    K000240437

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 124 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 124 (1775).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Nyffeler, R. (2013). August Wulfhorst (1861-1936) and his overlooked contributions on the flora of Angola Candollea 68: 123-131.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Boulos, Fl. Egypt 2: 101, fig. 7 (2000).
    • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 2: 81, fig. 47, O, G (1999)
    • Wood, Handb. Fl. Yemen: 106 (1997)
    • Sivarajan & Pradeep, Malv. S. Pen. India: 243, fig. 86 (1996)
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2 (2): 254, fig. 82.27.4–7 (1995)
    • Hepper & Friis, Pl. Forssk. Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 199 (1994)
    • Abedin, Fl. W. Pak. 130 (Malvaceae): 86, fig. 21, C, D (1979)
    • Ivens, E. Afr. Weeds: 169, 171 (1967)
    • F.C.B. 10: 75, t. 16 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1: 479 (1961)
    • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 339 (1958)
    • T.T.C.L.: 306 (1949)
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 124 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0