1. Family: Melastomataceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Antherotoma Hook.f.
      1. Antherotoma naudinii Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Melastomataceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Stem up to 38 cm. high (usually less), unbranched or with long ascending branches, laxly leafy, sparsely appressed-setulose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 0·5–4·5(5–7) x 0·1–1·8(2) cm., increasing in size upwards, ovate to oblong, acute at the apex, contracted or acute at the base, entire or crenulate, the teeth ending in a bristle, membranous, concolorous, yellowish-green or pale green and sparsely subappressed-pilose on both faces, more densely so on the nerves beneath, 3–5-nerved; petiole 3–6(8) mm. long, setose.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal capitate cymes, surrounded at the base by 2·4(5) leaves; pedicels c. 2·5 mm. long, setulose; bracts subequalling the pedicels, setulose.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle c. 2 mm. high, pale green, with sparse, brownish red or purplish bristles inserted towards the summit at the apex of little appendages.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 1·5 mm. long, triangular-subulate, stellate-setose at the apex like the intersepalar segments.
    Corolla
    Petals 5 x 3·5 mm., obovate, pale mauve to pink.
    Stamens
    Anthers (0·5)0·75–1·75 mm. long, with non-undulate cells; pedoconnective 0·5–2 mm. long; filaments c. 2 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary with a ring of bristles surrounding the base of the style.
    Fruits
    Fructiferous receptacle c. 3 x 2·75 mm., roundish at the base, a little contracted above the capsule.
    Seeds
    Seeds very minutely tuberculate.
    [FWTA]

    Melastomataceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Annual, to 1 ft. high
    Corolla
    Petals 4, pink or mauve.
    Diagnostic
    Very similar to Osbeckia decandra (Sm.) DC. but distinguished by the 4-merous flowers and connectives with well-developed appendages.
    [FTEA]

    Melastomataceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Erect annual, rarely behaving as a biennial, (2.5–)4–35 cm. high; stem simple or branched, 4–angled, with appressed hairs on the angles, hairs somewhat spreading at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves decussate, progressively larger towards the inflorescence, often widely spaced (internodes up to 22 cm.); lamina narrowly ovate to oblong-ovate, up to 3.8 cm. long and 1.4 cm. wide, apex obtuse, base cuneate to subtruncate, sparsely strigose above and on the nerves beneath; venation impressed above, prominent beneath, with 3 or 5 ascending nerves; petiole 1–5 mm. long, pilose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or axillary, subtended by 1–2 pairs of leaves, capitate, up to ± 12-flowered; pedicels up to 3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5 mm. long, 2 mm. in diameter, sparsely hairy; lobes narrowly triangular, persistent, 1 mm. long, with reddish stellately arranged bristles at the apex; intersepalar appendages ligulate, with reddish stellately arranged bristles at the apex.
    Corolla
    Petals 4 mm. long, 3.5 mm. wide, pale mauve, with a tuft of hairs at the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3.5 mm. long; anthers 0.7 mm. long; free part of connective ± 0.5 mm. long, arched, 2-tubercled at the base.
    Fruits
    Capsule rounded, 2.5–3 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 0.4–0.5 mm. long, very finely papillose.
    Figures
    Fig. 3.
    Habitat
    Short grassland, usually in damp places, rock crevices and pavements, also by lakes, rivers and ditches; 300–2150 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in the forest margins and relic forest areas from Guinée across to Ethiopia and south to Angola and the Transvaal, also Madagascar, where it is believed to have been introduced (Perrier de la Bâthie, Fl. Madag. 153, Melastom.: 7 (1951)) K2 K3 K5 T1 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Antherotoma naudinii Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13563], Cameroon K000518723
    Nov 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [664], Cameroon K000746405
    Jan 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9416], Cameroon K000197810
    Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9728], Cameroon K000337925
    Uganda 14466.000
    Greenway, P.J. [11654], Tanzania 28002.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2952], Tanzania 10573.000
    Faulkner, H. [1236], Tanzania 12255.000
    Maitland, T.D. [1497], Cameroon K000050112
    Sanford, W.W. [5442], Cameroon K000050108
    Lightbody, J.S. [FHI 26262], Cameroon K000050110
    Bidgood, S. [5471], Tanzania K000190701
    Kassner [2731], Congo, DRC K000312767 isotype
    K000312762
    Bojer [s.n.], Madagascar K000312763
    Bojer [s.n.], Madagascar K000312764
    Lyad, J. [s.n.], Madagascar K000312765
    Boivins [s.n.], Mayotte K000312766
    Harris, T. [197], Mozambique K000613272
    Harris, T. [274], Mozambique K000613349
    Savory, H. J. [UCI 399], Cameroon K000050113
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 29953], Cameroon K000050109

    First published in Gen. Pl. 1(3): 745 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Gilg in Engl. Monogr. Afr. Melastom. 9, t. 1F.
    • in F.T.A. 2: 444 (1871)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A. & R. Fernandes in Consp. Fl. Angol. 4: 124 (1970).
    • A. & R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér.2, 34: 180 (1960)
    • A. & R. Fernandes in Mem. Soc. Brot. 11: 8 (1956)
    • Jacques-Félix in Ic. Pl. Afr. 3, No. 51 (1955).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 247 (1954).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (2): 746, fig. 317/D (1921).
    • Gilg in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 2: 9, t. 1/f (1898).
    • Hook. f. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 444 (1871).
    • Triana in Trans. Linn. Soc. 28: 57, t. 4/43 (1871).
    • Hook. f. in Genera Plantarum 1: 745 (1867)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0