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  1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Cyphia P.J.Bergius

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Perennial herbs from a subterranean, subglobose or elongated root-tuber, laticiferous; stems herbaceous, erect or twining
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sessile or petiolate
    Flowers
    Flowers in racemes, zygomorphic
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed
    Corolla
    Corolla either split to the base into 2 lips with the upper lip 3-lobed and the lower lip consisting of 2 free petals, or all petals united into a tube with a 5-lobed limb
    Stamens
    Stamens 5; filaments free or united towards the base; anthers free or apically loosely united, glabrous or ± pubescent on the back of the connective
    Pistil
    Ovary subinferior to subsuperior, 2-locular; ovules many; style shorter than the stamens, obliquely clavate, crowned by hairs, in the upper part with a stigmatic cavity communicating with the air through a small lateral aperture
    Fruits
    Capsule 2-locular, dehiscing loculicidally by 2 apical, usually bifid valves
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous.
    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Perennial herbs from a subterranean, subglobose or elongated root–tuber, laticiferous; stems herbaceous, erect or twining.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, sessile or petiolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in racemes, zygomorphic.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla either split to the base into 2 lips with the upper one 3–lobed and the lower consisting of 2 free petals, or all petals united into a tube with a 5–lobed limb.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5; filaments free or united towards the base; anthers free or apically loosely united, glabrous or ± pubescent on the back of the connective.
    Pistil
    Ovary subinferior to subsuperior, 2–locular; ovules many; style shorter than the stamens, obliquely clavate, crowned by hairs, in the upper part with a stigmatic cavity communicating with the air through a small, lateral aperture.
    Fruits
    Capsule 2–locular, dehiscing loculicidally by 2 apical, usually bifid valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cyphia P.J.Bergius appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Descr. Pl. Cap.: 172 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Thulin in Bot. Notiser 131: 455–471 (1978).
    • E. Wimmer in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV. 276 c: 935 (1968).
    • Descr. Pl. Cap.: 172 (1767).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Thulin in Bot. Notis. 131: 455–471 (1978)
    • E. Wimmer in E.P. IV.276 c: 935–1014 (1968)
    • Descr. Pl. Cap.: 172 (1767)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0