1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ekebergia Sparrm.
      1. Ekebergia benguelensis Welw. ex C.DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Small semi-evergreen tree up to 10 m. tall, frequently stunted and of irregular growth; bark rough, exfoliating in irregular scales; first-year branchlets often with smooth reddish bark; second-year branchlets stout, usually more than 0.7 cm. in diameter, rough, with thick corky bark and crowded leaf-scars; lenticels inconspicuous.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, glabrous to densely pubescent; petiole and rhachis up to 20 cm. long, frequently reddish; leaflets opposite or subopposite, rarely alternate, 7–9, subsessile or shortly petiolulate, ovate, ovate-oblong, oblong-elliptic or elliptic, up to 9 × 5 cm., usually smaller, apex broadly rounded to subtruncate, emarginate or with a minute apiculum, base usually asymmetric, lower surface nearly always drying whitish.
    Flowers
    Flowers white or pinkish white, sweet-scented, borne in many-flowered cymose panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.15 cm. long, sparsely puberulous to tomentellous.
    Corolla
    Petals elliptic-oblong, 0.5 × 0.25 cm., densely puberulous on both surfaces.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 0.2–0.3 cm. long, puberulous outside, densely bearded at throat inside.
    Pistil
    Ovary 0.15 × 0.25 cm., densely setulose; style 0.05 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe ± 1.5 × 1.5 cm., bright red, with 2–4 pyrenes.
    Habitat
    Woodland and wooded grassland; 275–1900 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small semi-evergreen tree up to 10 m. tall, frequently stunted and of irregular growth; bark rough, exfoliating in irregular scales; first-year branchlets often with smooth reddish bark; second-year branchlets stout, usually more than 7 mm. in diam., rough, with thick corky bark and crowded leaf-scars; lenticels inconspicuous.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, glabrous to densely pubescent; petiole and rhachis up to 20 cm. long, frequently reddish; leaflets up to 9 × 5 cm., usually smaller, opposite or subopposite, rarely alternate, 3–4-jugate, subsessile or shortly petiolulate, ovate, ovate-oblong, oblong-elliptic or elliptic, apex broadly rounded to subtruncate, emarginate or with a minute apiculus, base usually asymmetric, lower surface nearly always drying whitish.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, white or pinkish-white, sweet-scented, borne in many-flowered cymose panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1·5 mm. long, sparsely puberulous to tomentellous.
    Corolla
    Petals 5 × 2·5 mm., elliptic-oblong, densely puberulous on both surfaces.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 2–3 mm. long, puberulous outside, densely bearded at throat inside.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1·5 × 2–2·5 mm., densely setulose; style 0·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe c. 15 × 15 mm., bright red, with 2–4 pyrenes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ekebergia benguelensis Welw. ex C.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gossweiler, J. [1418], Angola K001276078
    Gossweiler, J. [1419], Angola K001276080
    Dawe, M.T. [162] K001276079
    Welwistch [1305], Angola K000432076 Unknown type material
    Welwistch [1304], Angola K000432077 Unknown type material
    Tophan, P. [910] K000432074 Unknown type material
    Tophan, P. [910] K000432075
    Timberlake, J. [6006], Malawi K000614792
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614793

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle (eds.), Monogr. Phan. 1: 642 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White & Styles in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 318 (1963).
    • Staner & Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 209 (1958).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 316 (1951).
    • C. DC. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 642 (1878).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0