1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ekebergia Sparrm.
      1. Ekebergia capensis Sparrm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Medium-sized evergreen or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 m. tall, but usually less; bole slightly buttressed or fluted at base, up to 1 m. diameter at breast height; second-year branchlets slender, usually less than 0.6 cm. diameter, smooth, with scattered leaf-scars, closely lenticellate with large whitish lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, usually entirely glabrous, sometimes pubescent, rarely tomentose; petiole and rhachis up to 35 cm. long; leaflets opposite or subopposite, 7–15, subsessile or shortly petiolulate, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, up to 14.5 × 6 cm., usually much smaller, tapering to an acuminate or subacuminate apex, base asymmetric, lower surface rarely drying whitish.
    Flowers
    Flowers white or pinkish white, sweet-scented, borne in many-flowered cymose panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.2 cm. long, sparsely to densely puberulous.
    Corolla
    Petals elliptic-oblong, 0.4–0.5 cm. long, densely puberulous on both surfaces.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 0.2 cm. long, puberulous outside, densely bearded at throat inside.
    Pistil
    Ovary 0.15 × 0.2 cm., densely setulose; style 0.05–0.1 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe ± 1.5 × 1.5 cm., deep red, with 2–4 pyrenes.
    Figures
    Fig. 10/6–9, p 36.
    Habitat
    Montane, mid-altitude and riparian forest, often at edges; more rarely (Uganda) in woodland and wooded grassland; 600–2650 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 from Senegal to Ethiopia and southwards to Botswana and South Africa (Eastern Cape) but very local in Guineo-Congolian rain-forest
    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, white or pinkish-white, sweet-scented, borne in many-flowered cymose panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2 mm. long, sparsely to densely puberulous.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5 mm. long, elliptic-oblong, densely puberulous on both surfaces.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 2 mm. long, puberulous outside, densely bearded at throat inside.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1·5 × 2 mm., densely setulose, style 0·5–1 mm. long, Drupe about 1·5 × 1·5 cm., bright red or (?) black, with 2–4 pyrenes.
    Habit
    Medium-sized evergreen or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 m. tall but usually less; bole slightly buttressed or fluted at base, up to 1 m. d.b.h.; second-year branchlets slender, usually less than 0·6 cm. diameter, smooth, with scattered leaf-scars, closely lenticellate with large whitish lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, usually entirely glabrous, sometimes pubescent, rarely tomentose; petiole and rhachis up to 35 cm. long; leaflets up to 14·5 × 6 cm., usually much smaller, opposite or subopposite, 3–5 (6)-jugate, subsessile or shortly petiolulate, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, tapering to an acuminate or subacuminate apex, base asymmetric, lower surface never drying whitish.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ascension

    Ekebergia capensis Sparrm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tanzania 7650.000
    Styles, B.T. [315], Uganda 25694.030
    Styles, B.T. [294], Uganda 6049.019
    Styles, B.T. [290a], Uganda 6049.022
    unknown [284] K000432079 Unknown type material
    Cheek, M. [1055], Kenya 29047.996
    Cheek, M. [1055], Kenya 63817.000
    Schimper [284] K000432080 Unknown type material
    Schimper [284] K000432082 Unknown type material
    Schimper [919] K000432081
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000432072
    Buchanan, C.M.G. [39] K000432073 Unknown type material
    Smith, P.A. [726], Botswana K000315301
    Smith, P.A. [1115], Botswana K000315302
    Smith, P.A. [1471], Botswana K000315303
    Harris, T. [261], Mozambique K000613336
    Timberlake, J. [5264], Mozambique K000613993
    Timberlake, J. [5074], Mozambique K000613454
    Timberlake, J. [5138], Mozambique K000613518
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8079], Zambia Ekebergia meyeri 8938.000
    Mildbraed, J. [8479], Cameroon Ekebergia mildbraedii K000432078 Unknown type material

    First published in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1779: 282 (1779)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flore du Gabon 47: 1-115. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Styles & F. White in Fl. Eth. 3: 489, fig. 124.6/6–9 (1990).
    • F. White in Bothalia 16: 155, fig. 5 (1986).
    • F. White & Styles in Flora of Southern Africa 18(3): 51, fig. 16 (1986).
    • Styles in E. Afr. Agric. Journ. 39: 409 (1974).
    • F. White & Styles in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 316, t. 62 (1963).
    • Chalk et al. in Chalk & Burtt Davy, For. Trees. Brit. Emp. 3: 51, t. 7/10 (1935).
    • C. DC. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 641 (1878).
    • Sparrm. in Sv. Vet. Akad. Handl. 40: 282, t. 9 (1779).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0