1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Trichilia P.Browne
      1. Trichilia capitata Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub about 3 m. tall or medium-sized tree up to 15 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 21 cm. long, densely puberulous; leaflets up to 11·5 × 5 cm., usually smaller, opposite or alternate, 4–6 (7)-jugate, proximal leaflets broadly ovate, distal leaflets elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, the others intermediate, apex subacuminate, base rounded (cuneate in terminal leaflets) and asymmetric, lower surface puberulous, especially on nerves; petiolules 1–4 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, appearing with the leaves, very small, crowded, in axillary paniculate cymes; peduncles up to 7 cm. long, puberulous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, puberulous, shallowly cupuliform, with minute teeth.
    Corolla
    Petals 3–4·5 mm. long, puberulous outside.
    Stamens
    Filaments 1·5–2·5 mm. long, united only at the base, glabrous outside, densely villous in the upper half inside with hairs completely blocking the throat. Appendages deltate-acuminate, 3/4 as long as the anthers; anthers 1·25 mm. long, scarcely apiculate, antherodes shorter, not producing pollen.
    Disc
    Disk cupuliform, fleshy, glabrous, free from the staminal tube except at the base.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3-locular; style 2 mm. long, glabrous; style-head ovoid, with 3 erect stigmatic lobes; ovules collateral.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode similar to the gynoecium but narrower and apparently without vestigial ovules.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 1·5 × 1·5 cm., globose, surface smooth, not or scarcely wrinkled, tomentellous, glabrescent, opening by 3 thinly woody valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds dull dark red, less than 1/3 covered by an orange aril forming a cushion at the apex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Trichilia capitata Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1967 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000432131 neotype

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 120 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0