1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Trichilia P.Browne
      1. Trichilia dregeana Sond.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Evergreen tree up to 20–40 m. tall; bole sometimes slightly buttressed; bark grey and smooth, with shallow fissures.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 26 cm. long; leaflets usually 7–11, obovate to oblanceolate or oblanceolate-elliptic, nearly always broadest in upper half, up to 21 × 8.5 cm., apex of lateral leaflets shortly and acutely acuminate or bluntly subacuminate (with the tip itself often shallowly notched), nearly always showing a hollow curve; lateral nerves in 7–12, usually widely spaced pairs; lower surface glabrous or with a few strigose hairs, very rarely sparsely to densely pilose, usually drying dark brown.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence sometimes many-flowered in ♂, always few-flowered and usually lax in ♀.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.5–0.7 cm. long, strigulose-tomentellous, lobed to half-way or more; lobes subcircular or imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 1.3–2.6 cm. long, tomentellous on both surfaces.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube usually 1–1.6 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule (unopened, but mature) 3–5 cm. in diameter, occurring 1–3 together in the leaf-axils.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, almost completely concealed by the scarlet aril.
    Figures
    Fig. 8/4–7, p. 31.
    Habitat
    Mid-altitude rain-forest; riparian forest and swamp forest; sometimes planted in arboreta and gardens; (500–)775–1525 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K5 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4 widespread in forest from Guinée to Ethiopia and East Africa and southwards to the Cape Province in South Africa and with a westward extension to Angola, but absent from the greater part of the rain-forests of the Guineo-Congolian region
    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Large evergreen tree 25–40 m. tall; bole slightly buttressed, up to 2 m. in diam.; bark grey and smooth like a Ficus.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 26 cm. long, glabrous or densely pilose; leaflets up to 21 × 8·5 cm., opposite or alternate, (2) 3–4 (5)-jugate, obovate to oblanceolate or oblanceolate-elliptic, nearly always distinctly broadest near the apex, apex nearly always acute or acuminate, rarely rounded or emarginate, base rounded or cuneate, upper surface drying dark brown, lateral nerves in 8–9 (12) pairs, lower surface glabrous or with a few strigose hairs, very rarely sparsely to densely pilose; petiolules up to 1 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers dirty white, in axillary cymes or cymose panicles.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels up to 1 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx usually 5–7 mm. long, strigulose-tomentellous, lobed to half-way or more, lobes subcircular, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals (1·3) 1·4–2·4 (2·6) cm. long, linear, tomentellous on both surfaces.
    Stamens
    Filaments usually 1–1·5 cm. long, united for about half their length, sparsely puberulous outside, densely villous in the upper half inside. Appendages deltate, nearly 3/4 as long as the anthers; anthers 2 mm. long, slightly apiculate, antherodes a little smaller, not producing pollen.
    Disc
    Disk glabrous, thin, with 10 deltate teeth alternating with the filaments.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3 (4)-locular; style usually 8–10 mm. long, columnar, densely setulose-puberulous almost to the apex; stylehead capitate, with a crateriform apical (?)stigmatic region.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode with vestigial ovules.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 3 × 3 cm., obovoid-globose, without a stipe, slightly sulcate, surface transversely wrinkled, fulvous-tomentellous, opening by 3 (4) valves.
    Seeds
    Seed black, almost completely concealed by the scarlet aril.
    [FWTA]

    Meliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest tree, to 80 ft. high
    Slash
    Slash exuding a little latex
    Flowers
    Flowers white, very fragrant.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Trichilia dregeana Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10730], Cameroon K000746687
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10733], Cameroon K000746354
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10472], Cameroon K000746686
    Dec 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4812], Cameroon K000746355
    Jun 1, 1968 Gillman, H. [311] K000432135 neotype
    Jun 1, 1968 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1] K000432130 isotype
    Jun 1, 1968 Sanderson, J. [231], South Africa K000432123 isotype
    Jun 1, 1968 Gueinzius, W. [s.n.], South Africa K000432124 isolectotype
    Jan 1, 1962 Welwitsch [1309/10], Angola K000432128 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1962 Welwitsch [1309/10], Angola K000432129 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1962 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000432126 isotype
    Jan 1, 1962 Gueinzius, W. [s.n.], South Africa K000432125 isotype
    Jan 1, 1962 Vermoesen, F.C. [1948] K000432116
    Jan 1, 1962 Vermoesen, F.C. [1926] K000432117
    Richards, H.M. [15802], Tanzania 26017.000
    Styles, B.T. [100], Uganda 25694.020
    Styles, B.T. [162], Uganda 25694.026
    Styles, B.T. [333], Uganda 25694.042
    Styles, B.T. [332], Uganda 25694.043
    Cheek, M. [1576], Uganda 63920.000
    Gomes, A., Mozambique 33353.000
    Headley, P.M. [229], Ethiopia 6049.059
    Gomes & Sousa, A. [4954], Mozambique 8135.002
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614843

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 246 (1860)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Styles & F. White in Fl. Eth. 3: 483, fig. 124.3/4–7 (1990).
    • F. White in Bothalia 16: 158, fig. 6/1 (1986).
    • F. White & Styles in Flora of Southern Africa 18(3): 55, fig. 17/1 (1986).
    • Styles in E. Afr. Agric.Journ. 39: 418 (1974).
    • J.J. de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 68–2: 28, fig. 3A, map 3 (1968).
    • F. White & Styles in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 298 (1963).
    • Sond. in Harv. & Sond., Fl. Cap. 1: 246 (1860).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0