1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Trichilia P.Browne
      1. Trichilia emetica Vahl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Medium-sized handsome evergreen tree 8–20 (25) m. tall, with a wide umbrageous crown when growing in the open; bark dark grey or dark brown, rough or smooth, foliage very dark green, glossy.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 28 cm. long, tomentellous or densely puberulous; leaflets up to 15.5 × 5 cm., usually smaller, opposite or alternate, (3) 4–5-jugate, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, rarely narrowly elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, not or scarcely broadest near the apex, apex nearly always rounded or emarginate, very rarely acute, apiculate or subacuminate, base rounded or cuneate, upper surface drying olive-green or pale brown, lateral nerves in (10–12) 13–16 (19) pairs, lower surface densely puberulous with short curly hairs, especially on the nerves; petiolules up to 5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale green, pale yellow-green or pale yellow, fragrant, borne in congested cymes in leaf-axils or towards the base of the current-year’s shoot.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels very short.
    Calyx
    Calyx usually 3–5·5 mm. long, tomentellous, lobed almost to the base, lobes subcircular, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 7 (10) –15·5 (16) mm. long, linear, tomentellous on both surfaces.
    Stamens
    Filaments usually 7–10 mm. long, united for about 1/2 of their length, sparsely puberulous outside, densely villous in the upper half inside. Appendages deltate, nearly 3/4 as long as anthers; anthers 2 mm. long, slightly apiculate, antherodes a little smaller, not producing pollen.
    Disc
    Disk glabrous, thin, with 10 deltate teeth alternating with the filaments.
    Pistil
    Ovary (2) 3-locular; style usually 6–8 mm. long, columnar, densely setulose-puberulous almost to the apex; style-head capitate with a crateriform apical (?) stigmatic region.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode with vestigial ovules.
    Fruits
    Capsule 1·8 × 1·8–2·5 × 2·5 cm., obovoid-globose, with a long stipe (0·4) 0·6–1 cm. long, slightly sulcate, surface transversely wrinkled, fulvous-tomentellous, opening by (2) 3-valves; seed black, almost completely concealed by the scarlet aril.
    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Evergreen or semi-evergreen tree, usually 8–20(–25) m. tall; crown very dense, widespreading in open; foliage very dark green; bark dark grey or dark brown, rough or smooth.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 28 cm. long; leaflets usually 9–11, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, up to 15 × 5 cm., nearly always broadest near the middle and with the apex of lateral leaflets rounded, emarginate or broadly acute without a hollow curve; lateral nerves usually in 11–18 closely set pairs; lower surface sparsely to densely puberulous with short, weak curly or flexuous hairs, usually drying olive-green or pale yellow-brown.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually condensed and many-flowered.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.35–0.5 cm. long, tomentellous, lobed almost to the base; lobes suborbicular, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals (0.7–)1–1.6 cm. long.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube usually 0.8–1.1 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule (unopened but mature) 1.8–2.5 cm. in diameter, usually crowded at the ends of the branchlets.
    Seeds
    Seeds as in T. dregeana.
    Figures
    Fig. 8/8–10, p. 31.
    Habitat
    In coastal forest, drier types of riparian forest and riparian woodland; more rarely in rocky outcrops or in wooded grassland; 10–1300 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 widespread in Africa but absent from the Guineo-Congolian regionfrom Senegal to the Red Sea and southwards through East and Central Africa to the Caprivi Strip, Botswana and South Africa (Natal)also in the Arabian Peninsula

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Natal mahogany

    Trichilia emetica Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1970 Lambrecht, F.L. [269], Botswana K000489650
    Richards, H.M. [18739], Tanzania 32473.000
    Erens, J. [360], Botswana K000489644
    Styles, B.T. [254], Uganda 25694.019
    Styles, B.T. [286], Uganda 25694.029
    Styles, B.T. [265], Uganda 6049.020
    Cheek, M. [1609 A], Kenya 63949.000
    Robertson [52], Botswana K000489647
    Richards, H.M. [13338], Botswana K000489649
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [148] K000432127 Unknown type material
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [4201], Botswana K000489645
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [4201], Botswana K000489646
    Roberty, G. [4292], Mali K000386688
    Smith, P.A. [2623], Botswana K000489648
    Nigeria Trichilia roka 21898.000
    Gillett, J.B. [13505], Kenya Trichilia roka 8941.000

    First published in Symb. Bot. 1: 31 (1790)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10. [Cited as Trichilia roka.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Styles & F. White in Fl. Eth. 3: 483, fig. 124.3/8–10 (1990).
    • F. White in Bothalia 16: 158, fig. 6/2 (1986).
    • F. White &Styles in F.SA 18(3): 57, fig. 17/2 (1986).
    • Styles in E. Afr. Agric. Journ. 39: 418 (1974).
    • J.J. de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 68–2: 50, fig. 4A, B (1968) excl. syn. T. grotei.
    • F. White & Styles in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 299, t. 58B1–4 (1963).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 196, fig. 46 (1952).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 314 (1951).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 318 (1949).
    • Vermoesen in Rev. Zool. Afr. 10, Suppl. Bot.: 34 (1922).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 821, fig. 387 & 388L–S (1915).
    • Bak. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 37: 133 (1905).
    • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 231 (1895).
    • C. DC. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 660 (1878).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 335 (1868).
    • DC., Prodr. 1: 622 (1824).
    • Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 31 (1790).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/