1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Trichilia P.Browne
      1. Trichilia prieuriana A.Juss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Ethiopia and Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Evergreen tree usually 10–15(–25) m. tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub; bole fluted; bark rough, peeling easily.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 25 cm. long; leaflets (5–)7–9(–11), usually drying a dull grey-green, elliptic or oblanceolate-elliptic, up to 18 × 6.5 cm., apex shortly and bluntly acuminate, base cuneate, lower surface glabrous with indistinct venation.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a much-branched congested panicle, usually less than 7 cm. long, in axils of leaves or of fallen leaves.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.2–0.3 cm. long, puberulous, lobed to the middle, lobes deltate.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.4–0.8 cm. long, puberulous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 0.5–0.7 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, ± 2 × 2 cm., glabrous, slightly sulcate, not or scarcely wrinkled; stipe absent.
    Seeds
    Seeds very dark brown; aril orange-red.
    Figures
    Fig. 8/1–3.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest and riparian forest; 915–1220 m.
    Distribution
    T4 U1 U2 U3 U4 in Guineo-Congolian rain-forest from Senegal eastwards and with outliers in Ethiopia and Zambia
    [FWTA]

    Meliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest tree, usually in the understorey and 10–46 ft. high, but sometimes up to 70 ft. high
    Bole
    Bole conspicuously fluted
    Bark
    Grey-brown stringy flaking bark
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish white
    Fruits
    Fruits pink
    Seeds
    Seeds black with red arils
    Ecology
    Mainly in drier types of forest.
    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Small or medium-sized evergreen tree 10–15 (25) m. tall, sometimes flowering as a shrub; bole fluted; bark rough, peeling easily.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 20 cm. long, glabrous; leaflets up to 18 × 6·5 cm., opposite or alternate, 3–4-jugate, distal leaflets elliptic or oblanceolate-elliptic, apex shortly and bluntly acuminate, base cuneate, upper surface drying a dull grey-green, glabrous, lower surface with indistinct nervation, glabrous; petiolules up to 2 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale green or white, fragrant, borne in much branched congested cymes in axils of leaves or of fallen leaves; peduncles up to 1·5 cm. long; pedicels 2–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1–1·5 mm. long, puberulous, lobed to the middle, teeth deltate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–7 mm. long, linear, puberulous.
    Stamens
    Filaments completely united, staminal tube 5–7 mm. long, entire except for minute irregular teeth alternating with the anthers, sparsely and minutely puberulous outside and in the upper half inside; anthers 0·75 mm. long, not apiculate; antherodes smaller, not producing pollen.
    Disc
    Disk cushion-shaped, minutely puberulous.
    Ovary
    Ovary (2) 3-locular.
    Pistil
    Style 2–3 mm. long, minutely puberulous; style-head scarcely wider than the style, obscurely 2–3-lobed at the apex; ovules collateral.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode not expanded at the base, but with vestigial ovules.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 2 × 2 cm., globose, slightly sulcate, surface smooth, not or scarcely wrinkled, glabrous, opening by 3 (4) thinly woody valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds less than 1/3 covered by an aril which forms a cushion at the apex.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Trichilia prieuriana A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9106], Nigeria 16045.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8640], Nigeria 8940.000
    Lane-Poole, C.E. [254], Sierra Leone 16046.000
    Styles, B.T. [219], Uganda 25694.014
    Styles, B.T. [14], Uganda 25694.016
    Dunlap [181], Cameroon K000094044
    Dunlap [181], Cameroon K000094045

    First published in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 19: 276 (1830 publ. 1831)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 16: 143, fig. 7.
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam 19B, 1: 113
    • Pellegr in Notulae Syst. 9: 17, fig. 1 C
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 2: 152, t. 186, 1–4
    • Kennedy For. Fl. S. Nig. 163
    • Chev. Bot. 114
    • F. T. A. 1: 334
    • Guill & Perr. Fl. Seneg. 1: 125, t. 30
    • in Mém Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 19: 276 (1830)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flore du Gabon 47: 1-115. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Styles & F. White in Fl. Eth. 3: 483, fig. 124.3/1–3 (1990).
    • Styles in E. Afr. Agric. Journ. 39: 419 (1974).
    • J.J. de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 68–2: 130, fig. 12A–C (1968).
    • F. White & Styles in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 304, fig. 58C (1963).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 704 (1958).
    • Staner & Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 164 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 197 (1952).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1(2): 312 (1951).
    • Pellegrin in Not. Syst. 9: 17, fig. 1C (1940).
    • Vermoesen in Rev. Zool. Afr. 10, Suppl. Bot.: 46 (1922).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 823 (1915).
    • C. DC. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 678 (1878).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 334 (1868).
    • A. Juss. in Bull. Sci. Nat. 23: 238 (Nov. 1830) & in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris 19: 236 & 276 (1830) as ‘ prieureana ’.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0