1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Trichilia P.Browne
      1. Trichilia rubescens Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to NW. Tanzania.

    [FWTA]

    Meliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A tree, 12–30 ft. high, rarely more
    Ecology
    In understorey of rain forest
    Calyx
    Calyx brown
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow
    Leaves
    Leaves drying reddish brown
    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or tree up to 10(–18) m. tall; bole often crooked and fluted near base; bark grey-brown, fairly smooth, flaking in thin strips.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 30 cm. long; leaflets 9–17, drying reddish brown, oblanceolate or oblanceolate-elliptic, broadest in upper half, up to 20 × 8 cm., apex shortly and acutely acuminate, lower surface usually puberulous on the midrib and lateral nerves.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a rather condensed panicle up to 24 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.2 cm. long, lobed almost to the base; lobes deltate to subcircular, pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.4–0.7 cm. long, puberulous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 0.25–0.45 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule ± 2 × 2 cm., deeply 2–3(–4)-lobed, the valves transversely wrinkled; stipe absent.
    Seeds
    Seeds black; aril orange-red.
    Habitat
    In understorey of rain-forest, both on dry ridges and in swamps; 900–1500 m.
    Distribution
    from Nigeria and Cameroon southwards to near the mouth of the Zaire R. and eastwards to East Africa T1 U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Trichilia rubescens Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [5865], Cameroon K000518779
    Sep 1, 2008 Fenton, E. [316], Cameroon K000008139
    Jan 1, 2008 Hunt, L. V. [55], Cameroon K000518771
    Oct 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11848], Cameroon K000338314
    Oct 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11729], Cameroon K000338315
    Oct 1, 2005 Tadjouteu, F. [576], Cameroon K000338313
    Oct 1, 2005 Tadjouteu, F. [619], Cameroon K000338316
    Feb 1, 2004 Zapfack, L. [595], Cameroon K000749790
    Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9112], Cameroon K000027320
    Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3458], Cameroon K000027318
    Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2875], Cameroon K000027317
    Jul 1, 2002 Kenfack, D. [286], Cameroon K000027316
    Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4158], Cameroon K000027319
    Jul 1, 2002 Zapfack, L. [665], Cameroon K000027315
    Jan 1, 1997 Harris, D.J. [2447], Central African Republic 73168.000
    Jul 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7070], Cameroon K000008047
    Jul 1, 1996 Cable, S. [1129], Cameroon K000008050
    Jul 1, 1996 Elad, M. [104], Cameroon K000008051
    Jan 1, 1996 Cable, S. [1596], Cameroon K000381499
    Jan 1, 1996 Cable, S. [1596], Cameroon K000381501
    Jan 1, 1996 Groves, M. [120], Cameroon K000381568
    Jan 1, 1996 Groves, M. [288], Cameroon K000381595
    Jan 1, 1996 Acworth, J.M. [123], Cameroon K000381497
    Jan 1, 1996 Khayota, B. [492], Cameroon K000381567
    Jan 1, 1996 Khayota, B. [511], Cameroon K000381569
    Jan 1, 1996 Khayota, B. [511], Cameroon K000381621
    Jan 1, 1996 Ekema, N. [1047], Cameroon K000008872
    Jan 1, 1996 Pouakouyou, D. [4], Cameroon K000008870
    Jan 1, 1996 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [1245], Cameroon K000008869
    Jan 1, 1996 Mbani, J. M. [506], Cameroon K000381498
    Jan 1, 1996 Fraser, P. [455], Cameroon K000381496
    Jan 1, 1996 Batoum, A. [32], Cameroon K000008871
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [623], Cameroon K000008904
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [883], Cameroon K000510897
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [674], Cameroon K000510898
    Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [369], Cameroon K000008898
    Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [250], Cameroon K000008899
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1281], Cameroon K000008897
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1445], Cameroon K000008903
    Jan 1, 1992 Watts, J. [193], Cameroon K000008896
    Jan 1, 1992 Nguembock, F. [88a], Cameroon K000008900
    Jan 1, 1990 Thomas, D.W. [6718], Cameroon K000094050
    Jan 1, 1990 Thomas, D.W. [6718], Cameroon K000094051
    Jan 1, 1990 Thomas, D.W. [6718], Cameroon K000094053
    Jan 1, 1990 Bates, G.L. [373], Cameroon K000432108 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [3047], Cameroon K000094049
    Jun 1, 1968 Mann [s.n.] K000432119 lectotype
    Mar 1, 1968 Mann [163] K000432120 paratype
    Uganda 25694.036
    Troupin, G. [3360], Congo, DRC 8936.000
    Styles, B.T. [330], Uganda 25694.031
    Styles, B.T. [330a], Uganda 6049.011
    Thomas, D.W. [3312], Cameroon K000094048
    Etuge, M. [1766], Cameroon K000027321

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 336 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flore du Gabon 47: 1-115. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 16: 148, t. 2, A–C.
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam 19B, 1: 112
    • Pellegr. in Notulae Syst. 9: 20, fig 1 D
    • F. T. A. 1: 336 (1868)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flore du Gabon 47: 1-115. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Styles in E. Afr. Agric. Journ. 39: 420 (1974).
    • J.J. de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 68-2: 161, fig. 15 (1968).
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 14: 346 (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 704 (1958).
    • Staner & Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 169 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 197 (1952).
    • Pellegrin in Not. Syst. 9: 20, fig. 1D (1940).
    • Vermoesen in Rev. Zool. Afr. 10, Suppl. Bot.: 50 (1922).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 822 (1915).
    • Harms in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 433 (1912).
    • C. DC. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 708 (1878).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 336 (1868).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0