1. Family: Menispermaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tinospora Miers
      1. Tinospora caffra (Miers) Troupin

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Climber or somewhat woody liane; stem verrucose, bark sometimes scaling.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2.5–8 x 1.5–7 cm., ovate, ovate-cordate or almost orbicular, cordate or rounded at the base, abruptly apiculate and mucronate or subacuminate at the apex, glabrous, petiole 2.5–10 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences usually of false racemes of cymules, sometimes panicled, 7–30 cm. long; pedicels 0.3–1 cm. long. Female inflorescences 7–15 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers with triangular to subovate outer sepals 0.8–1.5 x 2–4 mm., the inner oblong to oblanceolate, and narrower; stamens 3, filaments connate to the apex, 1.5–3 mm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers with triangular to subovate outer sepals 0.8–1.5 x 2–4 mm., the inner oblong to oblanceolate, and narrower; stamens 3, filaments connate to the apex, 1.5–3 mm. long. Male inflorescences usually of false racemes of cymules, sometimes panicled, 7–30 cm. long; pedicels 0.3–1 cm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescences 7–15 cm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals of female flowers with a small membranous appendage, perhaps a staminode, at the base; carpels 2–3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupelets 0.8–1.2 x 0.4–0.7 cm.
    [FTEA]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Herbaceous or somewhat woody liane; stem verrucose with sometimes scaling bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole 2.5–10 cm. long; blade ovate, ovate-cordate or nearly round, cordate or rounded at base, abruptly apiculate and mucronate or subacuminate at apex, 2.5–8 cm. long, 1.5–7 cm. wide, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences usually of false racemes of cymules, sometimes panicled, 7–30 cm. long; pedicels 0.3–1 cm. long. Female inflorescences 7–15 cm. long.
    Male
    Male inflorescences usually of false racemes of cymules, sometimes panicled, 7–30 cm. long; pedicels 0.3–1 cm. long. Male flowers with triangular to subovate outer sepals 0.8–1.5 mm. long, the inner oblong to oblanceolate, 2–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; petals 6, the outer 1.5–3 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, the inner narrower; stamens 3, their filaments connate to apex, 1.5–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers with triangular to subovate outer sepals 0.8–1.5 mm. long, the inner oblong to oblanceolate, 2–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; petals 6, the outer 1.5–3 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, the inner narrower; stamens 3, their filaments connate to apex, 1.5–3 mm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescences 7–15 cm. long. Petals of ♀ flowers with a small membranous appendage, perhaps a staminode, at base; carpels 2–3 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals of ♀ flowers with a small membranous appendage, perhaps a staminode, at base; carpels 2–3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupes 0.8–1.2 cm. long, 0.4–0.7 cm. wide.
    Habitat
    Lowland and upland rain-forest and deciduous bushland, often near rock outcrops, 350–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T3 T5 T6 T7 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Tinospora caffra (Miers) Troupin appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1959 Gossweiler, J. [1485], Angola K000230054 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1959 Baum, H. [540], Angola K000230055
    Jan 1, 1954 Schweinfurth, G. [80], Sudan K000230056 isotype
    Drummond, R.B. [4155], Kenya 8991.000
    Tweedie [3126], Kenya 28292.000
    Tweedie [3956], Tanzania 40094.000
    Bridson, D. [219], Rwanda 43813.000
    Bidgood, S. [5385], Tanzania K000190615
    Gerrard, W.T. [s.n.], KwaZulu-Natal K000230052 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 137 (1955)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menispermaceae: 1-32.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 25: 137 (1955).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0