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  1. Family: Menyanthaceae Dumort.
    1. Genus: Nymphoides Ség.
      1. Nymphoides brevipedicellata (Vatke) A.Raynal

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to NW. Ethiopia and S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Menyanthaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants perennial.
    Stolons
    Stolons numerous, 3-5 mm. wide when fresh.
    Leaves
    Leaves circular, up to 20 cm. across; petiole 1.2-2(-3) cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence many-flowered; pedicels 1.5-3.5(-4) cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4-6 mm. long, appressed to corolla.
    Corolla
    Corolla ± 1.5 cm. across, white with a yellow centre; lobes covered entirely with hairs inside; homostylous.
    Stamens
    Stamens decurrent on the corolla-tube; anthers 1.4-1.6 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Gynoecium ± 3 mm.; ovary attenuate into a short style, ± 2 mm. wide; carpels (2-)3(-5); stigmas equal in number, undulate, papillose.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose to subglobose, 4-8 mm. diameter, ± as long or longer than the calyx, shortly mucronate by persistent style.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, usually more than 25, smooth to ± tuberculate.
    Figures
    Fig. 1.
    Habitat
    Shallow water in permanent or seasonal pools and rivers; 1200-1550 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K5 T2 T5 U3 tropical Africa, from Cameroon to Ethiopia, south to Namibia, Botswana and South Africa (Transvaal)
    [FZ]

    Menyanthaceae, Barbara Mackinder. Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    Perennial; stock short thick, floating stolons numerous, 3–5 mm. thick in life.
    Leaves
    Petiole 1.2–1.5(4) cm.; lamina 6–10(23) cm. in diam., subcircular or the larger ones somewhat ovate-circular.
    Flowers
    Flowers 10–25 homostylous; pedicels 2–6 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–6 mm. long, lobes appressed to corolla tube.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube yellow 7–9 mm. long; lobes white, densely and uniformly hairy inside ± as long as the tube.
    Pistil
    Carpels and stigmas (2)3(5).
    Fruits
    Capsule 5–8 mm. diam., subglobose ± as long as the calyx, 15–80 seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.6–1.95 x 1.4–1.7 mm., lenticular ± tuberculate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Nymphoides brevipedicellata (Vatke) A.Raynal appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 10: 125 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menyanthaceae: 1-5.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Whitehouse, C. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menyanthaceae: 1-5.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 233 (1994).
    • Mackinder in Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 52 (1990).
    • A. Raynal in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Menyanthaceae: 14, fig. 6 (1975).
    • A. Raynal in Adansonia, sér. 2, 14: 414, t. 17 (1974)
    • A. Raynal in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München, 10: 125 (1971)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/