1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus craterostoma Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 10 m. tall, or a shrub, hemi-epiphytic.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or white-puberulous to hirtellous, periderm sometimes flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, tending to be distichous, often subopposite; lamina narrowly obtriangular to subobovate, or oblong to elliptic, 3–8 x 2–4.5 cm., subcoriaceous; apex truncate to emarginate (bilobed) or obtuse; base acute to obtuse; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–10 pairs, midrib not reaching the apex of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate or tending to run parallel to the lateral veins; petiole 5–20 mm. long, 1–2 mm. thick; stipules c. 5 mm. long, glabrous or yellowish-whitish puberulous, subpersistent or caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs in pairs in the leaf axils, sessile, initially enclosed in a calyptrate bud up to 1 cm. long which later splits into two subpersistent or caducous parts, pubescent inside; basal bracts 1–1.5 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to ellipsoid, 8–12 mm. in diam. when fresh, c. 5 mm. in diam. when dry, glabrous or puberulous, reddish (or yellowish) at maturity; wall slightly wrinkled when dry.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 10 m. tall or a shrub, hemi-epiphytic.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, glabrous or white puberulous to hirtellous, periderm sometimes flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals, tending to distichous, often subopposite; lamina ± coriaceous, narrowly obtriangular to ± obovate, or oblong to elliptic, 3–8 × 2–4.5 cm., apex truncate to emarginate (or 2-lobed) or obtuse, base acute to obtuse, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 5–10 pairs, midrib not reaching the apex of the lamina, tertiary venation reticulate or tending to parallel the lateral veins; petiole 0.5–2 cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick; stipules ± 0.5 cm. long, glabrous or yellowish to white puberulous, subpersistent or caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs in pairs in the leaf-axils, sessile, initially in a calyptrate bud up to 1 cm. long, splitting into 2 subpersistent or caducous parts, these pubescent inside; basal bracts 1–1.5 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to ellipsoid, 0.8–1.2 cm. in diameter when fresh, ± 0.5 cm. in diameter when dry, glabrous or puberulous, reddish or sometimes yellowish at maturity; wall mostly slightly wrinkled when dry.
    Habitat
    Forest, generally ground-water or riverine, occasionally planted as a fence; 300–2100 m.
    Distribution
    extending to Sierra Leone, Angola, N. Zambia and South Africa (Natal) K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 U2 U4
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An epiphytic shrub, or straggling tree to 30 ft. high
    Stem
    Stems glossy chocolate-brown
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green
    Fruits
    Ripe figs orange
    Ecology
    in forest."

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus craterostoma Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [361], Cameroon K000936048
    Apr 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8606], Cameroon K000936043
    Apr 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3533], Cameroon K000936045
    Apr 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3584], Cameroon K000936046
    Apr 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [709], Cameroon K000936047
    Dawkins, H.C. [849], Uganda 23759.000
    unknown [1060], Angola K000243250
    unknown [763], Zaire K000243252
    Breteler, F.J. [257], Cameroon K000181722
    Stuhlmann [8995], Tanzania K000243344 Unknown type material
    Sacleux [2059], Tanzania K000243247
    Pynaert [1130], Zaire K000243248
    Klaine [2328], Gabon K000243251
    Seret [801], Zaire K000243249
    Keay, R.W.J. [28075], Nigeria Ficus anomani 11069.000
    Deighton, F.C. [4787], Sierra Leone Ficus anomani 15926.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 46: 247 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 182, t. 62 (1985).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 32, t. 6G (1962).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 357 (1949).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2:108 (1932).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 160 (1916).
    • Mildbr. & Burret in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 247 (1911).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0