1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea baculifera Silveira

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 100-200 cm long; 10 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 4-11.6 cm long; distally pruinose. Lateral branches dendroid; intravaginal. Bud complement 7-19. Branch complement several, or many; in a horizontal line; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 5-5.7 cm long. Culm-sheath ligule 1-2 mm high; dentate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; demarcated but persistent; erect; 2.3-3.9 cm long. Leaves 10-11 per branch. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2-0.5 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.03 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 2.6-5.6 cm long; 4-5 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform; linear; 2-5 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 0.5-1 cm long. Panicle axis angular; scabrous. Panicle branches angular; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 1-3 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6.2-8.7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6.2-8.7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.2-0.4 mm long; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.2-0.4 mm long; 0.05 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4.1-5.1 mm long; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-3 -veined; without lateral veins, or distinctly veined; puberulous; attenuate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 4-5.5 mm long; chartaceous; pubescent; attenuate, or setaceously attenuate. Fertile lemma ovate; 6-8.3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex attenuate, or setaceously attenuate. Palea 5.8-8 mm long; 4 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea baculifera Silveira appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Krieger, P.L. [15107], Brazil K000925295
    Clark, L. [702], Brazil K000925296
    Clark, L. [702], Brazil K000925297

    First published in Arq. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 22: 99 (1919)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0