1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea bambusoides (Raddi) Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent, or scandent; 300-400 cm long; 3-6 mm diam.; woody; with aerial roots from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 15-36 cm long; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; in a clump. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long; entire; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate; asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole glabrous. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 5-21 cm long; 14-33 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 10-12 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; dense; 2-8 cm long; 1-4 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; 1-3 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; 1-3 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 3-4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3-4 mm long; 0.33 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4-6 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 6-8 mm long; 2 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 8-10 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea bambusoides (Raddi) Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1999 Maas, P.J.M. [7088], Rio de Janeiro K000482779
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [20104], Paraná K000482780
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [48916], Paraná K000482784
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [48556], Paraná K000482785
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [47179], Paraná K000482787
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [20104], Brazil K000925214
    Jan 1, 1995 Burchell [1433], Brazil K000925213
    Jan 1, 1995 Soderstrom, T.R. [1846], Rio de Janeiro K000482789
    Jan 1, 1995 Soderstrom, T.R. [s.n.], Rio de Janeiro K000482790
    Jan 1, 1995 Soderstrom, T.R. [1177], Brazil K000925221
    Jan 1, 1995 Sendulsky, T. [1402], São Paulo K000482783
    Jan 1, 1995 Lanna, J.P. [1776], Rio de Janeiro K000482778
    Jan 1, 1995 Kuhlmann, M. [4619], São Paulo K000482782
    Jan 1, 1995 Riedel [1323], Goiás K000482786
    Jan 1, 1995 Burchell, W.J. [1433], Brazil K000925212
    Jan 1, 1995 Calderón, C.E. [s.n.], Santa Catarina K000482788
    Jan 1, 1995 Carauta, J.P.P. [1079], Brazil K000925217
    Jan 1, 1995 Glaziou, A.F.M. [6991], Brazil K000925220
    Jan 1, 1995 Glaziou [6991], Brazil K000925219
    Jan 1, 1995 Glaziou, A.F. [18617], Rio de Janeiro K000482776
    Jan 1, 1995 Stellfeld, C. [5421], Paraná K000482781
    Jul 1, 1992 Burchell [1433], Brazil K000925218
    Jan 1, 1992 Smith, L.B. [5657], Santa Catarina K000482791
    Jan 1, 1992 Klein, R.M. [143], Santa Catarina K000482792
    Jan 9, 1987 Sucre, D. [4065], Brazil K000925215
    Jan 9, 1987 Sucre, D. [6103], Brazil K000925216
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1937], Brazil K000925211
    Carauta, J.P.P. [7684], Espírito Santo K000482793
    Carauta, J.P.P. [7887], Espírito Santo K000482794
    Carauta, J.P.P. [12932], Rio de Janeiro K000482795
    Cardoso, L.J.T. [401129], Pará K000482775

    First published in Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(1): 81 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0