1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus dicranostyla Mildbr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 6(20) m. tall, or a shrub.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, white pubescent to puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina elliptic to oblong or subovate, (2)5–20 x (1)2–9 cm., subcoriaceous to chartaceous, apex acuminate, sometimes subacute, base cuneate to subcordate, margin subentire; superior surface scabrous, the main veins puberulous to hirtellous or pubescent, inferior surface puberulous to hirtellous or pubescent; lateral veins 5–8(9) pairs; petiole 1–3.5 cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick; stipules 5–15 mm. long, puberulous to pubescent, caducous.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle often shortly stipitate, at least when dry, globose to obovoid, 1 -2.5 cm. in diam. when fresh, 0.5–1.5 cm. in diam. when dry, puberulous to hispidulous, yellowish to pale orange at maturity.
    Fruits
    Wall of fruiting fig c. 1.5 mm. thick when dry, firm. Figs solitary or in pairs in the leaf axils; peduncle 3–10 mm. long; basal bracts 2–2.5 mm. long, persistent.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A savannah tree, up to 60 ft. high
    Indumentum
    Branchlets and undersurface of leaves more or less densely puberulous when young, glabrescent.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 10(–20) m. or a shrub.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 2–5 mm. thick, white pubescent to puberulous.
    Leaves
    Lamina subcoriaceous to chartaceous, elliptic to oblong or ovate, (2–)5–20 × (1–)2–9 cm., apex acuminate, sometimes subacute, base obtuse to acute or ± cordate, margin entire or almost so; upper surface scabrous, hispidulous, on the main veins puberulous to hirtellous or pubescent, lower surface puberulous to hirtellous or pubescent; lateral veins 5–8(–9) pairs; petiole 1–3.5(–5.5) cm. long, 1–2 mm. thick; stipules 0.5–1.5 cm. long, puberulous to pubescent, caducous.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle often shortly stipitate at least when dry, globose to obovoid, 1–2.5 cm. in diameter when fresh, 0.5–1.5 cm. when dry, puberulous to hispidulous, yellowish to pale orange at maturity.
    Infructescences
    Wall of the fruiting fig ± 1.5 mm. thick when dry, firm. Figs solitary or in pairs in the leaf-axils; peduncle 0.3–1 cm. long; basal bracts 2–2.5 mm. long, persistent.
    Figures
    Fig. 19.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland, often in rocky places; 900–1100 m.
    Distribution
    U1 U2 U3 extending to S. Ethiopia, S. Sudan, NE. Zaire and Senegal

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Ficus dicranostyla Mildbr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [446], Cameroon K000746319
    Chevalier, A. [562], Guinea K000243192
    Chevalier, A. [8598] K000243233
    Hepper, F.N. [1542], Cameroon 26195.000
    s.coll. [344], Burkina Faso K000385937

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 46: 204 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 346.
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 62, t. 14 A
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 119 (incl. var. nitida Hutch.)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg et al. in Fl. Cameroun 28: 146, t. 48 (1985).
    • Aweke in Meded. Landb. Wageningen 79-3: 18, fig. 4 (1979).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 30 (1962).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 607 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 265 (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 247, fig. 54c (1952).
    • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 119 (1916).
    • Mildbr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 204 (1911).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0