1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea mimosa McClure & L.B.Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 300-400 cm long; 10-14 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 20-30 cm long; striate; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Culm-sheaths deciduous; 7-9 cm long; antrorsely scabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect; scabrid. Leaf-sheaths without keel; striately veined; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-2 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blade base cuneate. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-8 cm long; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 1.5-3 cm long; 1.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches indistinct the panicle almost racemose, or simple. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile, or pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; 1.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; 1.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic, or ovate; 3 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; acute; muticous, or mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret elliptic, or ovate; 3 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute; muticous, or mucronate. Fertile lemma lanceolate, or oblong; 6 mm long; coriaceous; mid-green, or red; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South

    Chusquea mimosa McClure & L.B.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [25386], Brazil K000433260 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Soderstrom, T.R. [2043], Brazil K000925344
    Jan 1, 1975 Lindeman, J.C. [3604], Brazil K000925342

    First published in Fl. Ilustr. Catarin. 1(Gramin., Supl. Bambus.): 37 (1967)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0