1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea ramosissima Lindm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to Brazil and N. Uruguay.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect, or scandent; 400-1000 cm long; 15 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 5-10 cm long; smooth; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; 10-15 cm long. Leaf-sheaths without keel. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base symmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1-0.2 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; linear, or lanceolate; 5-9 cm long; 6-17 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8-10 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; oblong; secund; 2-2.5 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches indistinct the panicle almost racemose. Panicle axis pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; acuminate; 6-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; acuminate; 6-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.5-1 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume orbicular; 0.5-1 mm long; 0.05-0.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; ciliate on margins; truncate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; ciliate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 7-9 mm long; coriaceous; yellow; without keel. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Chusquea ramosissima Lindm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1996 Hatschbach, G. [60544], Brazil K000925260
    Jan 1, 1996 Hatschbach, G. [60544], Brazil K000925261
    Jan 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [21511], Brazil K000925266
    Jan 1, 1995 Burchell [1105/32], Brazil K000925265
    Jan 1, 1995 Soderstrom, T.R. [s.n.], Brazil K000925263
    Jan 1, 1995 Balansa, B. [134], Paraguay K000433253 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Rambo, B. [42188], Brazil K000925267
    Jan 1, 1990 Hatschbach, G. [40533], Brazil K000925262
    Jan 1, 1961 Pereira, E. [5363], Brazil K000925264

    First published in Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., n.s., 34(6): 24 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0